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Effects of Feeding Period on Carcass and Objective Meat Quality in Crossbred Longissimus Muscle

교잡종 돼지에서 비육기간에 따른 돈육 등심의 이화학적 특성 변화

  • Published : 2004.10.31

Abstract

Objectives of this study was to determine the comparisons of physico-chemical characteristics in crossbred pigs(Korean native breed ${\times}$ Landrace breed) by feeding periods. A total of 150 pigs were sampled from commercial farm, and assigned into three treatedrnents. Feeding peirods of Tl, T2 and T3 were below 200 days, 220-220 days, over 220 days, respectively. Live weight, carcass weight and backfat thickness were significantly(P<0.05) increased with feeding period increased, and final grade score have significantly(P<0.05) lower when feeding period was increased. pH and water content were significantly(P<0.05) lower when feeding period was increased(over 220days). However, intramuscular fat have no significantly different among the treatments. $L^* and b^* were significantly(P<0.05) lower and a^*$ was significantly higher(P<0.05) when feeding period increased. Cooking loss was higher in the order of Tl > T3 > T2. Shear force values was significantly(P<0.05) decreased by feed period increase. In fatty acids, myristic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid and saturated fatty acid(SFA) in T2 were significantly(P<0.05) lower in T2, whereas linolenic acid, unsaturated fatty acid(UFA), essential fatty acid(EFA), UFA/SFA and EFA/SFA were significantly higher in T2 compared with other treatment. However palmitoleic acid and arachidonic acid were no significantly different with feeding periods. As a result of this study, crossbred pigs was increased live weight and carcass weight with feeding periods. and improved meat color and tenderness with feeding periods. However, final grade score was decreased with feeding periods

Keywords

Crossbred pigs;Physico-chemical characteristics;Pork;Growing period;Fatty acid

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