A Study on Behaviour of Giant Pacific Octopus, Parotopus dofleini to Single Line Hook for Hook Design

외줄낚시에 대한 대문어의 행동과 낚시형상 설계

  • Published : 2004.02.01


The single line hook fishery for giant pacific octopus, Parotopus dofleini is one of the important in coastal Kangwon-do of Korea, where was caught an average of 4,000 ton during the period of 1996~2000. The fishing gear is consisted of a single buoy line, a buoy and a hook. In this study, the responses of giant pacific octopus to single line hook gear were examined in an experimental tank using a video camera in order to know hooking mechanism and improve hook. Giant pacific octopus tend to envelop the bait with their arms by rush or slowly swimming towards it. When they rush to the bait, they show much feeding behaviour as withdrawing after enveloping the bait using two arms. But when they approach with slowly swimming to bait, they show feeding behaviour as stopping after enveloping the bait using one arm. and then, the highly hooking rate appeared more often in the case of latter then former. The average feeding time on a sardine, giant pacific octopus and pork fat showed the range of 1 to 30 min, 10 to 50 min, and 50 min to over 1 hour, respectively. This indicates that it takes longer time for giant pacific octopus to eat the tough meat than the soft meat. The performance concerned with hooking showed that the 'B' type hook with a short shank was more favorable than the 'A' type hook with a long shank. However, the 'A' type hook has the advantage of easy dropping out caught octopus, compared to the 'B' type.


  1. Arnold J. M. and Arnold K. O., (1969) : Some aspects of hole borning predation by Octopus vulgaris. Am. Zool, 9, 991 ~996
  2. Fiorito G. and Gherardi F. (999) : Preyhandling behavior of Octopus vulgaris (Mollusca, Cephalopoda) on Bivalve preys. Behavioural Processes, 46, 75-88
  3. Huse I. and Ferno A. (1990) : Fish behavior studies as an aid to improved longline hook design. Fish. Res., 9, 287 -297
  4. Lee C. W. and Park S. W. (I995) : Behaviour Studies of Tile Fish, Branchiostegus Japonicus to a longline Gear for Hook Design. Bull. Korean Soc. Fish. Tech., 31(3), 240-246
  5. Packard A.(1963) : The behaviour of Octopus vulgaris. Bull. Inst. Oceanogr., Monaco 10,35-49
  6. Villanueva R., Nozais C. and Boletzky S. (I996) : Swimming behaviour and food searching in planktonic Octopus vulgaris Cuvier from hatching to settlement. J. Exp. Mar. BioI. Ecol., 208, 169-184

Cited by

  1. A study on structural feature and size distribution of swimming fish using an 3 dimensional pattern laser vol.52, pp.2, 2016,