Catching Efficiency of Gill Net and Trammel Net for Ceramic Artificial Reefs Fishing Ground in the Coastal Area of Geomun-do, Korea

한국 거문도연안 세라믹어초어장에서의 홑자망과 삼중자망에 의한 어획성능

  • Published : 2004.08.01


It has been, in general, known that the catching efficiency of a trammel net is better than that of a gill net because of the variability of catch species and size. In this stidy, A fishing gear test was carried out to analyze the catching efficiency of the gill net and the trammel net on the coast of Geomun-do of southern Korean waters and fish school aggregation was also investigated using a underwater video camera. CPUE of the gill net was 49.2% higher than the trammel net but fish species was 34.5% lower where there was no difference on the significance level of 5% by ANOVA test. Main catch species caught by the gill net were red seabream(Pagrus major) and triggerfish(Aluterus monoceros), skate ray(Raja Kenojei) and red seabream for the trammel net, and the average body length of red seabream was shorter than the trammel net. It was thought that the reason of higher catch in the gill net than the trammel net was a fish school which can be caught easily by gill net and the size of population was suitable for the gill net.

홑자망과 삼중자망에 의한 어획성능을 파악하기 위하여 한국 남해안의 거문도연안에 시설된 세라믹 어초어장에서 어구 성능시험과 수중 비디오 카메라로 어군 위집상을 조사로 하였다. 흩자망에 의한 폭당 어획량은 삼중자망에 비해 49.2% 많았으나, 어종수는 34.5% 적었는데, 이를 ANOVA로 분석한 결과 5% 유의수준에서 차이가 없었다. 어구별 우점종은 홑자망에서 참돔 1종, 삼중자망에서 참돔, 말쥐치, 홍어 등 3종이었으며, 홑자망에의해 어획된 참돔의 체장범위와 평균체장은 삼중자망에 어획된 참돔보다 다소 적게 나타났다. 홑자망에 의한 어획성능이 삼중자망보다 높았던 원인은 홑자망에 어획되기 쉬운 어종이 군을 형성하고 있었고, 개체의 크기도 홑자망에 적합하였기 때문이라고 판단된다.



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