Experimental Study of Radiation Heat Flux for the Pool and Spill Fire in Petroleum Storage Tanks

석유류 저장 탱크에서의 액면 및 유츌화재에 대한 복사열의 실험적 연구

  • Kim, Hong (Department of Safety System Engineering, Heseo University) ;
  • Park, Hyung-Ju (Department of Safety Engineering, Graduate School, Hoseo University)
  • 김홍 (호서대학교 안전시스템공학과) ;
  • 박형주 (호서대학교 대학원 안전공학과)
  • Published : 2004.03.01


This experimental study was carried out to evaluate effect of the radiation heat flux for the pool and spill fire in petroleum storage tanks, which were made form steel. Each of them had the capacity of 250, 2500 and 25000 liter, respectively. The effects of the radiation heat flux are as follows; 1) The intensity of radiation heat flux from a flame decreased exponentially with increasing distance from outside wall of tanks, and increased significantly with surface area of tank and dyke. 2) In the case of 25000L tank, the radiation heat flux was about max. 98.9kW/$m^2$ in 1m from wall of tank. 3) The distance, that was able to ignite wood or plastics by radiation heat flux of approximately 12.5kW/$m^2$, was about 3.14m from wall of 25000L tank.


  1. Howard R. Baum, Kevin R McGrattan, 'Simulation of oil tank fires', International interfiam conference, 8th Proceedings, Vol. 2, June 29, 1999
  2. Howar R.Baun and Kevin RMcGrattan, 'Simulation of Oil Tank Fires', International Interfiam Conference 8th Proceedings, Vol. 2, pp. 1117-1128, June 29-July 1, 1999
  3. Blinov V. I. and Khudyakov G. W., 'Diffusive burning of liquids', T-1490 a-c ASTlA, 1961
  4. D.Y.Lee, 'Thennal Effects in the Pool Fire of Petroleum', M.S. Thesis, pp. 1-9, 1994
  5. S.P.Kwon, 'The Consequence Analysis of Variables Affecting the Damages Caused by Pool Fires of Acetone Storage Tank', M.S. Thesis, pp.42-43, 2000
  6. A. M. Birk, 'Scale Effects with Fire Exposure of Pressure Liquefied Gas Tanks', J.Loss Prev. Process Ind., Vol. 8, No.5, pp. 275-290, 1995 https://doi.org/10.1016/0950-4230(95)00028-Y
  7. Eulalia Planas-Cuchi & Joaquim Casal, 'Modelling Tempemture Evolution in Equipment Engulfed in a Pool fire'
  8. D. E. Lee, 'Numerical Simulation of a Pool Fire', M.S. Thesis, pp. 1-7, 1995