The Development of a Functional Pressure Controller in Smoke Management Systems for the Fire Safety of Buildings

화재시 제연 및 피난을 위한 기능성 차압 조절장치 개발에 관한 연구

  • Jung, Ki-Chang (Department of Safety System Engineering, Hoseo University) ;
  • Kim, Jeong-Hun (Department of Safety Engineering, Graduate School, Hoseo University) ;
  • Lee, Jung-Yun (Department of Safety Engineering, Graduate School, Hoseo University)
  • 정기창 (호서대학교 안전시스템공학과) ;
  • 김정훈 (호서대학교 대학원 안전공학과) ;
  • 이정윤 (호서대학교 대학원 안전공학과)
  • Published : 2004.03.01


The smoke and toxic gases generated from the building fires are proved to cause human death. Therefore, the necessity and significance of smoke control have been emphasized, and lots of studies for developing improved smoke management system have been carried out. In this study, the experiments were conducted to evaluated a function and performance in newly developed smoke management system using mechanical pressurization. As a result of this experiment, the differential pressure was 40Pa${\sim}$60Pa and the air velocity through the door was 0.7m/s between safety zone and fire zone. The functional pressure control equipment which could make proper pressure and maintain differential pressure between safety zone and fire zone was developed. And it will give a lot of helps to evacuation activity for peoples in building and fire fighting.


smoke management;smoke control;evacuation


  1. JH. Klote, 'Design of smoke management system', ASHRAR and SFPE, pp. 55-64, 1992
  2. 박외철, '제연방식과 풍량에 따른 제연의 수치적연구', 한국화재소방학회 춘계학술논문발표회 논문집, pp. 93-100, 2003
  3. GT. Tamura, 'Smoke movement & control in highrise buildings', NFPA, pp. 145-179 1994
  4. 박승민 외 2, '급기가압제연설비의 개선에 관한 연구', 한국화재소방학회 춘계학술논문발표회 논문집, pp. 188-124, 2003