Assessment on the Productivity of Mytilus galloprovincialis on the Mussel Culture Ground in Jinhae Bay

진해만 담치 양식장내 지중해담치의 생산력 평가

  • Park, Heung-Sik (Marine Living Resources Research Division, Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Yi, Soon-Kil (Marine Living Resources Research Division, Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute) ;
  • Paik, Sang-Gyu (Marine Living Resources Research Division, Korea Ocean Research & Development Institute)
  • 박흥식 (한국해양연구원 해양생물자원연구본부) ;
  • 이순길 (한국해양연구원 해양생물자원연구본부) ;
  • 백상규 (한국해양연구원 해양생물자원연구본부)
  • Published : 2004.06.01

Abstract

This study have conducted to calibrate the productivities on the mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) cultures in Jinhae Bay. Annual water temperature, salinity and dissolved oxygen have varied to 7.2-$25.9^{\circ}C$, 32.9-34.0 psu, 7.9-8.7 mg/l, respectively. In April, the smallest size of spat, 3.3 mm in shell length, have recruited, and 82.5 mm have recorded to the maximum. In summer, variations of growing up between individuals showed both shell length and weights at same cohort. Annual production at 2 m, 5 m, 8 m depth calculated to 10.91, 10.85 and 9.19 gWWt/ind./yr, respectively. Mussel cultivated in the upper part of the water column (two meter depth) were significantly longer and heavier than those in lower part (eight meter depth). After the recruitment, monthly production showed gradual increment at all positions during summer. As results, annual production of mussel cultivated seemed to be controlled by conditions of growing up in summer. Based on the productivities calculated to this study, the total annual production of the mussel cultivated in Jinhae Bay have estimated about 196 ton/ha/yr.