A Study on the Cartographic Generalization of Stream Networks by Rule-based Modelling

규칙기반 모델링에 의한 하계망 일반화에 관한 연구

  • 김남신 (한국교원대학교 지리교육과)
  • Published : 2004.09.01

Abstract

This study tries to generalize the stream network by constructing rule-based modelling. A study on the map generalization tends to be concentrated on development of algorithms for modification of linear features and evaluations to the limited cartographic elements. Rule-based modelling can help to improve previous algorithms by application of generalization process with the results that analyzing mapping principles and spatial distribution patterns of geographical phenomena. Rule-based modelling can be applied to generalize various cartographic elements, and make an effective on multi-scaling mapping in the digital environments. In this research, nile-based modelling for stream network is composed of generalization rule, algorithm for centerline extraction and linear features. Before generalization, drainage pattern was analyzed by the connectivity with lake to minimize logical errors. As a result, 17 streams with centerline are extracted from 108 double-lined streams. Total length of stream networks is reduced as 17% in 1:25,000 scale, and as 29% in 1:50,000. Simoo algorithm, which is developed to generalize linear features, is compared to Douglas-Peucker(D-P) algorithm. D-P made linear features rough due to the increase of data point distance and widening of external angle. But in Simoo, linear features are smoothed with the decrease of scale.

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