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Detection of Radiation-Induced Hydrocarbons in Green, Black and Oolong Teas

  • Kausar, Tusneen (Department of Food Science and Technology, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Lee, Jung-Eun (Department of Food Science and Technology, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Noh, Jung-Eun (Department of Food Science and Technology, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kwon, Young-Ju (Department of Food Science and Technology, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kwon, Joong-Ho (Department of Food Science and Technology, Kyungpook National University)
  • Published : 2004.09.01

Abstract

Hydrocarbons induced by gamma-irradiation of green, black, and oolong teas were analyzed to determine whether the hydrocarbons can be used as markers for detecting post-irradiation of these teas. The samples were irradiated at 0, 2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10 kGy. Detection was attempted by extracting fat from the teas, separation of hydrocarbons with florisil column chromatography, and identification of hydrocarbons by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS). Concentration of hydrocarbons increased with the irradiation dose. The major hydrocarbons in irradiated green, black, and oolong teas were 1-tetradecence (14:1), pentadecane (15:0), 1,7-hexadecadiene (16:2), 1-hexadecene (16:1), 8-heptadecene (17:1), and heptadecane (17:0). Radiation-induced hydrocarbons in teas were 1,7-hexadecadiene and 8-heptadecene. These compounds were not detected in non-irradiated samples, so the hydrocarbons (16:2, 17:1) can be used as markers for detecting post-irradiation of the teas. Furthermore, detection of hydrocarbons after 12 months storage at room temperature remains a suitable method for identifying irradiated teas.

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