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Hypocholesterolemic Effect of Yogurt Supplemented Salicornia herbacea Extract in Cholesterol-Fed Rats.

콜레스테롤 급여 흰쥐에서 함초 요구르트의 콜레스테롤 저하효과

  • 차재영 ((주)바이오허브 부설연구소) ;
  • 전병삼 ((주)바이오허브 부설연구소) ;
  • 박정원 ((주)바이오허브 부설연구소) ;
  • 김범규 ((주)바이오허브 부설연구소) ;
  • 정찬영 (경상대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생명과학부) ;
  • 류진수 (경상대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생명과학부) ;
  • 최충국 (경상대학교 농업생명과학대학 응용생명과학부) ;
  • 조영수 (동아대학교 생명자원과학대학 응용생명공학부)
  • Published : 2004.10.01

Abstract

The effect of yogurt containing Hamcho (Salicornia herbacea) extract (Hamcho yogurt: HY) on the lipid concentrations in male Sprague-Dawley rats fed a cholesterol diet were studied. Rats were assigned three groups in the experiment; cholesterol diet (the CHOL group), cholesterol diet plus yogurt by lactic acid bacteria (the Y group) or cholesterol diet plus yogurt supplemented Hamcho extract by lactic acid bacteria (the HY group). Fermented milk with or without Hamcho extract in the diet supplemented at the levels 5.0% for 3 weeks. The concentrations of total cholesterol and bile acid in serum was significantly lower in the HY group than the CHOL group. This effect was also observed in rats fed a diet supplemented fermented milk. This cholesterol-lowering effect was more pronounced in the HY group compared to the Y group. The atherogenic index was significantly lower in the HY or Y groups than the CHOL group. The concentration of non esterified fatty acid in serum was significantly lower in the HY group than the CHOL and the Y groups. These results suggested that Hamcho yogurt exert the hypocholesterolemic effect in cholesterol fed rats.

콜레스테롤 식이로 유발시킨 고콜레스테롤혈증 흰쥐에 유산균 발효유(요구르트) 및 해양식물인 함초(Salicornia herbacea) 추출물 첨가 유산균 발효유(함초 요구르트)를 식이중에 5% (w/w)수준으로 첨가하여 지질농도에 미치는 영향을 검토하였다. 혈청 총 콜레스테롤 농도는 콜레스테롤 식이군에 비해 함초 요구르트 및 요구르트 식이군에서 각각 유의적으로 감소하였다. 동맥경화 지수(atherogenic index)도 콜레스테롤 식이군에 비해 함초 요구르트 및 요구르트 식이군에서 각각 유의적으로 감소하여 항동맥경화 작용이 있는 것으로 나타났다. 함초 요구르트에 의한 콜레스테롤 감소 효과는 콜레스테롤로부터 담즙산 합성 증가에 의한 혈청 중의 담즙산 농도 증가와 장내 흡수 저해에 의한 분변 중으로의 증가에 의한 것으로 사료되었다. 혈중 유리 지방산 농도는 함초 요구르트 식이군에서 유의적으로 감소하였다. 혈당치는 함초 요구르트 식이에서만 유의적으로 감소되는 것으로 나타났다. 이상의 실험 결과로부터 함초 추출물 첨가 요구르트는 혈청 콜레스테롤 감소에 의한 항동맥경화 효과가 있는 것으로 나타나 해양식물 유래 신기능성 식품 개발 가능성이 대두되었다.

Keywords

References

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