Numerical Simulation on Dispersion of NOx in Vehicular Exhaust Gas around Buildings

빌딩주변 자동차 배기가스중의 NOx 분산에 관한 수치해석

  • 전영남 (조선대학교 공과대학 환경공학부) ;
  • 정오진 (조선대학교 공과대학 환경공학부) ;
  • 송형운 (조선대학교 공과대학 환경공학부)
  • Published : 2004.07.01


This paper demonstrates the numerical simulation of three dimensional flow pattern for vehicular exhaust dispersion in the street canyons. The wind flow around buildings in urban is computed by the SIMPLEST method. The convection-diffusion equation was used to compute the $NO_X$ concentration level near buildings. Details are given of important boundary conditions and turbulence quantities variations. The simple turbulence model was used for unisotropic viscous effect. A control-volume based finite-difference method with the upwind scheme is employed for discretization equation. The simple turbulence model applied in this study has been verified through comparison between predicted and measured data near buildings. By the predictive results, the updraft induced by the presence of high-rise buildings is important in the transport of street level pollutant out from the street canyons. Our suggestion for reducing ground level pollution is to have high-rise buildings constructed or to reduce the channelling effect of street canyons.


Vehicular Exhaust;Dispersion;Turbulence Model;Unisotropic Viscous;$NO_x$


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