Development of Natural Dispersant for Korean Traditional Papermaking( I ) - Viscosity and Papermaking Characteristics of Hydrangea paniculata Mucilage-

한지 제조용 새로운 천연 점질물의 개발 (제1보) -나무수국 점질물의 점도 및 한지 제조 특성 -

  • 최태호 (충북대학교 농과대학 산림과학부)
  • Published : 2004.06.01

Abstract

The application of the dispersant is indispensable to the manufacture of Korean traditional paper (Hanji). However the mucilage of which extracted from Abelmoschus manihot root has viscosity drop problem in summertime and synthetic dispersant such as polyacrylamide (PAM) and polyethyleneoxide (PEO) have some problems that under the influence of the quality of. water, cohesion, and bad solubility. This study was carried out not only to develop new natural dispersant that can solve such problems but also to investigate the viscosity and papermaking characteristics of Hydrangea paniculata mucilage. There were no viscosity changes between control and treated mucilage that adjusted to pH 9, heated 6 hours at 40 $^{\circ}C$, and stored heating treatment one for a week at 5 $^{\circ}C$. The treatment of mucilage that adjusted to pH 9 and aged for 120 hours at 4$0^{\circ}C$ resulted in viscosity drop. In the hydrolysis of mucilage, galacturonic acid and glucuronic acid contents were decreased by heating and pH adjusting treatments. Wet web stripping quality and physical properties of Korean traditional paper, which used Hydrangea paniculatamucilage were same or superior to the Abelmoschus manihot root.