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Electrical and Dielectric Characteristics of Zn-Pr-Co-Dy-M(M=Ni, Mg, Cr) Oxides-Based Varistors

Zn-Pr-Co-Dy-M(M=Ni, Mg, Cr) 산화물계 바리스터의 전기적, 유전적 특성

  • 남춘우 (동의대학교 전기공학과) ;
  • 박종아 (동의대학교 전기공학과)
  • Published : 2004.09.01

Abstract

The microstructure, electrical and dielectric characteristics of $ZnO-{Pr}_6{O}_11-{CoO}-{Dy}_2{O}_3$-based varistors were investigated without and with various metal oxide additives(NiO, MgO, Cr$_2$O$_3$). The average grain size decreased in the range of 18.4 $\backsim$ 11.5 $\mu$m, in order of NiO\longrightarrowMgO\longrightarrow{Cr}_2{O}_3$ and the density decreased in the range of 5.62 \backsim 5.33 $g/{cm}^3$ in order of NiO\longrightarrowCr$_2$O$_3$\longrightarrowMgO. While, the nonlinear exponent increased In the range of 19.8$\backsim$67.4 in order of NiO\longrightarrowMgO\longrightarrow${Cr}_2{O}_3$ and the leakage current decreased in the range of 25.6 $\backsim$ 1.2 $\mu$A in order of NiO\longrightarrow${Cr}_2{O}_3$\longrightarrowMgO. Among all varistors, the Cr$_2$O$_3$-added varistor exhibited the highest nonlinearity, with a nonlinear exponent of 67.4 and a leakage current of 1.2 $\mu$A. Furthermore, this varistor exhibited the lowest dielectric dissipation factor of 0.0407.

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