A Study on Treatment Efficiency of Toluene and CO2 using Vortex Cyclones

보텍스 사이클론을 이용한 Toluene과 CO2 처리효율에 관한 연구

  • 임계규 (호서대학교 화학기술개발연구소ㆍ호서대학교 환경안전공학부)
  • Published : 2004.08.01

Abstract

The principle of vortex tube and cyclone was introduced to enhance the treatment efficiency of waste air streams containing particulate matters, toluene, and others developed by Hangreen Tech, Ltd. and Hoseo Chemical and Industrial Technology R&D Center. Adsorption, condensation, and/or coagulation could be induced at low temperature zone formed by vortex tube and Joule-Thomson expansion. The pressurized air was introduced at the tangential direction into the cyclone system applied with the coaxial funnel tube. Easily condensible vapors such as toluene. carbon dioxide, and water vapor were adsorbed enforcedly on coagulated or condensed materials which were formed as cores for coagulation or condensation by themselves. These types of coagulation or condensation rates were rapidly promoted as the diameter being growing up. The maximum removal efficiency for carbon dioxide and toluene was achieved to about 87 and 90 percent, respectively. The Joule-Thomson coefficients were increased with the pressure of air injected in the range of the relative humidities between 10% and 30%. An optimum value was observed within the range of the tested temperatures at a fixed pressure. In conclusion. it could be identified that the treatment efficiency would be depended on the pressure of the process air introduced and physical and chemical characteristics of waste air streams containing target materials for a designed system. The final design parameters should be decided depending upon the given system and target materials.

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