Producton of Yeast Spores from Rice Wine Cake.

주박으로부터 효모포자의 생산

  • Im, Yong-Sung (Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, The University of Suwon) ;
  • Bae, Sang-Myeon (KookSoonDang Co., Ltd.) ;
  • Kim, Geun (Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, The University of Suwon)
  • Published : 2004.06.01

Abstract

Rice wine cake (RWC) is the solid waste obtained after rice wine fermentation. For the mass production of the spores of yeast Saccharomyces from RWC, the optimum pretreatment condition of RWC, the optimum composition of culture medium, and the optimum culture condition were examined. For sporulation, yeast cells were grown in the pre sporulation medium (PSM), transferred into sporulation medium (SM) containing 1 % potassium acetate, and incubated in a rotary shaking incubator at $25^{\circ}C$ for 4 days. The supernatant of the mixture of RWC and water was used as the presporulation medium (PSM). The optimum temperature and time for the pre-incubation of the mixture of RWC and water (1:2) to obtain maximum sporulation yield were $V^{\circ}C$ and 24 hr, respectively, and optimum culture time in PSM was 48 hr. Using these optimum conditions, the asci number obtained was 0.72$ 1.06${\times}$10^{8}$$m\ell$. The addition of wheat coat koji into SM increased the final number of asci to beTEX>$10^{8}$ $m\ell$. Spores were formed in the SM with the initial pH of 7-11, but no spores were formed in the SM with the initial pH of 5. To save the time and effort to pretreat the RWC, 2% and 0.5% RWC without any pretreatment were directly added into PSM containing 1 % brown sugar and SM, respectively, and the maximum asci number of $1.27${\times}$10^{8}$ /$m\ell$ was obtained.

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