A Study of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Semantic Features of Korean Nouns: Focusing on the Categories of Grains, Fruits and Vegetables

한국어 명사의 내재적/외재적 의미특징 연구: 곡식, 과일, 채소 범주를 중심으로

  • 정영철 (성균관대학교 응용심리연구소) ;
  • 이정모 (성균관대학교 심리학과)
  • Published : 2004.03.01


Using qualitative research methodology, this study has investigated the semantic features of 39 nouns, which are classified into the categories of grains, fruits and vegetables. A survey has been conducted with a substantial number of undergraduate students, who were asked to describe any semantic features they associated with the lexical items within the three categories. The analysis of the survey data shows that the concepts of examples of fruits are defined predominantly by intrinsic semantic features, while those of grains and vegetables are defined noticeably by extrinsic semantic features rather than intrinsic ones. Intrinsic semantic features are any properties inherent in an object itself and extrinsic semantic features are defined as any properties constructed by association with other objects or personal experiences in a certain situation. However, this study does not maintain that either intrinsic or extrinsic semantic features solely define the concepts of the examples of the three categories. Instead, it concludes that both kinds of semantic features are involved in the representation of the concepts of those vocabularies, with intrinsic features salient in the category of fruits and extrinsic features salient in the categories of gains and vegetables.


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