A Study of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Semantic Features of Korean Nouns: Focusing on the Categories of Grains, Fruits and Vegetables

한국어 명사의 내재적/외재적 의미특징 연구: 곡식, 과일, 채소 범주를 중심으로

  • 정영철 (성균관대학교 응용심리연구소) ;
  • 이정모 (성균관대학교 심리학과)
  • Published : 2004.03.01

Abstract

Using qualitative research methodology, this study has investigated the semantic features of 39 nouns, which are classified into the categories of grains, fruits and vegetables. A survey has been conducted with a substantial number of undergraduate students, who were asked to describe any semantic features they associated with the lexical items within the three categories. The analysis of the survey data shows that the concepts of examples of fruits are defined predominantly by intrinsic semantic features, while those of grains and vegetables are defined noticeably by extrinsic semantic features rather than intrinsic ones. Intrinsic semantic features are any properties inherent in an object itself and extrinsic semantic features are defined as any properties constructed by association with other objects or personal experiences in a certain situation. However, this study does not maintain that either intrinsic or extrinsic semantic features solely define the concepts of the examples of the three categories. Instead, it concludes that both kinds of semantic features are involved in the representation of the concepts of those vocabularies, with intrinsic features salient in the category of fruits and extrinsic features salient in the categories of gains and vegetables.

Keywords

개념형성;내재적/외재적 의미자질;의미구조

References

  1. A Study in Semantics and Modal Logic Meaning and Synonymy in Natural Languages. Meaning and Necessity Carnap,R.
  2. Memory & Cognition v.15 Category representations and their implications for category structure Barr,R.;Caplan,I.
  3. Semantics 1 Structural semantics I & II. Lyons,J.
  4. 한국심리학회지 v.15 no.2 인터넷을 이용하여 작성된 범주규준의 타당도 연구 I 신현정
  5. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition v.11 Ideals, central tendency. and frequencye of instantiaton as determinants of graded structure in categories Barsalou,L.
  6. Psychological Bulletin v.106 Attributes of theories of meaning McNamara,T.;Miller,D.
  7. Memory & Cognition v.24 Isolated and interrelated concepts Goldstone,R.
  8. An Introduction to Theory and Methods(3nd Edition) Qualitative Research for Education Bogdan,R.;Biklen,S.
  9. Cognitive Development and the Acquisition of Language On the internal structure of perceptual and semantic categories Rosch,E.;T.Moore(ed.)
  10. A Course in General Linguistics Translated into English by Wade Baskin Saussure, F. de
  11. Journal of Experimental Psychology v.77 On the genesis of abstract ideas Posner,M.;keele,S.
  12. Language v.39 The structure of a semantic theory Katz,J.;Fodor,J.
  13. 한국심리학회지: 실험 및 인지 v.3 우리말 범주규준조사 : 본보기 산출빈도, 전형성, 그리고 세부특징조사 이관용
  14. Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society Two kinds of features? A test of two theories of typicality effects in natural language catefories Barr,R.;Caplan,L.
  15. Chicago Linguistics Society 29: Papers from the Parasession on Conceptual Representations Concepts and Meaning Barsalou,L.;Yeh,W.;Luka,B.;Olseth,K.;Mix,K.;Wu.L.;K.Beals(ed.);G.Coke(ed.);D.Kathman(ed.);K.McCullough(ed.);S.Kita;D.Testen(ed.)
  16. Psychological Review v.85 A context theory of classification learning Medin,D.;Schaffer,M.
  17. Categories and Concepts Smith,E.;Medin,D.
  18. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General v.130 Thematic relations in adult's concepts Lin,E.;Murphy,G.