Distributional Data and Ecological Characteristics of Parnassius bremeri Bremer in Korea

붉은점모시나비의 국내 분포정보 및 생태적 특성 조사

  • 고민수 (강원대학교 생물환경학부) ;
  • 이준석 (강원대학교 생물환경학부) ;
  • 김철학 (강원대학교 생물환경학부) ;
  • 김성수 (경희여자고등학교) ;
  • 박규택 (강원대학교 생물환경학부)
  • Published : 2004.03.01

Abstract

This study was carried out to survey and confirm the occurring sites of Parnassius bremeri in Korea, and to investigate ecological characteristics to develop a mass rearing technique. In the field survey, adults were found in the two previously known sites in Gyungnam Province and another site was newly found in Samcheok, Gangwon Province. Emergence period of adults was from middle of May to middle of June. Oviposition took place on various material, including hostplant, debris, dead leaves, etc. Eggs were laid singly, up to 126.7 eggs per female. The egg-period was 221.3${\pm}$2.3 days, eggs were hatched from 11th to 22nd of January in the natural condition, and started to feed for about 10 days after hatching. Survival rate of the 1st larvae was 67.6%. Developing period of each instar in the insectary (25$^{\circ}C$, 75% RH, 16L:8D) was 11.2 days for the 1st instar, 7.3 days for 2nd, 12.8 days for 3rd, 16.2 days for 4th, and 18.2 days for 5th, and the pupal period was 21.3 days. The average longevity of adults was 26.2 days. Oviposition rate was higher in the natural condition with enough space to fly for 3♀ : 1 ♂ coupled, at least 3 ${\times}$ 3${\times}$4 m-sized room, than in smaller cage. In a comparison of the preference for visiting on sugar source, black sugar and fructose were effective.

Keywords

Parnassius bremeri;Distribution;Oviposition;Fecundity;Egg period;Hatching;Larval period;Longevity

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