Cluster Analysis of 12 Chinese Native Chicken Populations Using Microsatellite Markers

  • Chen, G.H. ;
  • Wu, X.S. ;
  • Wang, D.Q. ;
  • Qin, J. ;
  • Wu, S.L. ;
  • Zhou, Q.L. ;
  • Xie, F. ;
  • Cheng, R. ;
  • Xu, Q. ;
  • Liu, B. ;
  • Zhang, X.Y. ;
  • Olowofeso, O.
  • Received : 2003.11.18
  • Accepted : 2004.04.16
  • Published : 2004.08.01


The genomes of Chinese native chicken populations were screened using microsatellites as molecular markers. A total of, 528 individuals comprisede12 Chinese native chicken populations were typed for 7 microsatellite markers covering 5 linkage groups and genetic variations and genetic distances were also determined. In the 7 microsatellite loci, the number of alleles ranged from 2 to 7 per locus and the mean number of alleles was 4.6 per locus. By using fuzzy cluster, 12 Chinese native chicken populations were divided into three clusters. The first cluster comprised Taihe Silkies, Henan Game Chicken, Langshan Chicken, Dagu Chicken, Xiaoshan Chicken, Beijing Fatty Chicken and Luyuan Chicken. The second cluster included Chahua Chicken, Tibetan Chicken, Xianju Chicken and Baier Chicken. Gushi Chicken formed a separate cluster and demonstrated a long distance when comparing with other chicken populations.


Chinese Native Chicken Populations;Microsatellite Makers;Genetic Relationship;Cluster Analysis


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