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Development of Transgenic Tall Fescue Plants from Mature Seed-derived Callus via Agrobacterium-mediated Transformation

  • Lee, Sang-Hoon (Major of Dairy Science, Division of Applied Life Science (BK21), College of Agriculture and Life Science Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Lee, Dong-Gi (Major of Dairy Science, Division of Applied Life Science (BK21), College of Agriculture and Life Science Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Woo, Hyun-Sook (Major of Dairy Science, Division of Applied Life Science (BK21), College of Agriculture and Life Science Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Lee, Byung-Hyun (Major of Dairy Science, Division of Applied Life Science (BK21), College of Agriculture and Life Science Gyeongsang National University)
  • Received : 2004.05.27
  • Accepted : 2004.06.12
  • Published : 2004.10.01

Abstract

We have achieved efficient transformation system for forage-type tall fescue plants by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Mature seed-derived embryogenic calli were infected and co-cultivated with each of three A. tumefaciens strains, all of which harbored a standard binary vector pIG121Hm encoding the neomycin phosphotransferase II (NPTII), hygromycin phosphotransferase (HPT) and intron-containing $\beta$-glucuronidase (intron-GUS) genes in the T-DNA region. Transformation efficiency was influenced by the A. tumefaciens strain, addition of the phenolic compound acetosyringone and duration of vacuum treatment. Of the three A. tumefaciens strains tested, EHA101/pIG121Hm was found to be most effective followed by GV3101/pIG121Hm and LBA4404/pIG121Hm for transient GUS expression after 3 days co-cultivation. Inclusion of 100 $\mu$M acetosyringone in both the inoculation and co-cultivation media lead to an improvement in transient GUS expression observed in targeted calli. Vacuum treatment during infection of calli with A. tumefaciens strains increased transformation efficiency. The highest stable transformation efficiency of transgenic plants was obtained when mature seed-derived calli infected with A. tumefaciens EHA101/pIG121Hm in the presence of 100 $\mu$M acetosyringone and vacuum treatment for 30 min. Southern blot analysis indicated integration of the transgene into the genome of tall fescue. The transformation system developed in this study would be useful for Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of tall fescue plants with genes of agronomic importance.

Keywords

Tall Fescue;Agrobacterium;Transgenic Plants;Callus;Forage

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Rural Development Administration

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