Studies on the Development of Novel 305 day Adjustment Factors for Production Traits in Dairy Cattle

  • Cho, K.H. (National Livestock Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Na, S.H. (National Livestock Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Cho, J.H. (Dairy Cattle Improvement Center, N.A.C.F.) ;
  • Lee, J.H. (Department of Dairy Science, College of Animal Husbandry, Kon-Kuk University) ;
  • Lee, K.J. (Department of Dairy Science, College of Animal Husbandry, Kon-Kuk University)
  • Received : 2004.03.02
  • Accepted : 2004.07.01
  • Published : 2004.12.01


This study was conducted to develop a novel adjustment factors for 305 days using 138,103 lactation records and 1,770,764 daily records, which were based on environmental circumstances such as herd year, season, age at calving, dry period and lactating stages. The present study showed that the change of persistency of cows at the first parity from total lactacting characteristics was slowly processed, while it was rapidly changed in cows at the second parity stage. Particularly, there was an outstanding difference between the first and second parity cows. Milk yield and composition increased as the age at calving was increased. In addition, milk yield and composition were higher at the first parity on fall compared with others, and those were higher at the more than second parity on fall and winter compared with other parity stages and seasons. The cow of dry group was included into lactating records of more than second parity stage. The data indicated that optimal results arose from 45-70 days of dry period. Milk yield was decreased when dry period was longer or shorter than 45-70 days. The lactating days were divided into 17, 28 and 38 stages to compare the multiplicative correction factors. The factor was effective at 28 stages on the first parity. The total correlation coefficients were 0.93832, 0.95058 and 0.95076 at the present correction factor, 17 stage and 28 stage, respectively. At second parity, the factor was higher in dry group 1 and 3 at 17 stage, and it was higher in dry group 2 at 28 stage compared with others. Therefore, the present study showed that the percent squared bias (PSB), which was calculated from the novel correction factor, was better than previously used correction factors. Also, the present study indicated that the bias of the novel correction factor was improved, and this factor could be more accurate compared with others.


Supported by : Rural Development Administration


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