Application of SP Monitoring in the Pohang Geothermal Field

포항 지열 개발지역에서의 SP 장기 관측

  • 임성근 (한국지질자원연구원 지하수지열연구부) ;
  • 이태종 (한국지질자원연구원 지하수지열연구부) ;
  • 송윤호 (한국지질자원연구원 지하수지열연구부) ;
  • 송성호 (농어촌연구원 지하수연구실) ;
  • ;
  • 조병욱 (한국지질자원연구원 지하수지열연구부) ;
  • 송영수 (전북대학교 자원 에너지공학과)
  • Published : 2004.08.01


To delineate geothermal water movement at the Pohang geothermal development site, Self-Potential (SP) survey and monitoring were carried out during pumping tests. Before drilling, background SP data have been gathered to figure out overall potential distribution of the site. The pumping test was performed in two separate periods: 24 hours in December 2003 and 72 hours in March 2004. SP monitoring started several days before the pumping tests with a 128-channel automatic recording system. The background SP survey showed a clear positive anomaly at the northern part of the boreholes, which may be interpreted as an up-flow Bone of the deep geothermal water due to electrokinetic potential generated by hydrothermal circulation. The first and second SP monitoring during the pumping tests performed to figure out the fluid flow in the geothermal reservoir but it was not easy to see clear variations of SP due to pumping and pumping stop. Since the area is covered by some 360 m-thick tertiary sediments with very low electrical resistivity (less than 10 ohm-m), the electrokinetic potential due to deep groundwater flow resulted in being seriously attenuated on the surface. However, when we compared the variation of SP with that of groundwater level and temperature of pumping water, we could identify some areas responsible to the pumping. Dominant SP changes are observed in the south-west part of the boreholes during both the preliminary and long-term pumping periods, where 3-D magnetotelluric survey showed low-resistivity anomaly at the depth of $600m\~1,000m$. Overall analysis suggests that there exist hydraulic connection through the southwestern part to the pumping well.


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