Application of the tri-axial drill-bit VSP method to drilling for geological survey in civil engineering

  • Soma Nobukazu (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology) ;
  • Utagawa Manabu (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology) ;
  • Seto Masahiro (National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology) ;
  • Asanuma Hiroshi (Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University)
  • Published : 2004.02.01


We have examined the applicability of the triaxial drill-bit VSP method (TAD-VSP) to the geological survey of possible sites for a high-level radioactive waste disposal repository. The seismic energy generated by a drill bit is measured by a downhole multi-component detector, and the resulting signals are processed to image the geological structure deep underground. In order to apply the TAD-VSP method to civil-engineering-scale drilling, we have developed a small but highly sensitive and precise three-component downhole seismic measurement system, and recorded drill-bit signals at a granite quarry. We have successfully imaged discontinuities in the granite, possibly related to fractures, as highly reflective zones. The discontinuities imaged by the TAD-VSP method correlate well with the results of other borehole observations. In conclusion, the TAD-VSP method is usable in geological investigations for civil engineering because the equipment is compact and it is simple to acquire the drill-bit signal.


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