Comparative Analyses of the Flavors from Hallabong (Citrus sphaerocarpa) with Lemon, Orange and Grapefruit by SPTE and HS-SPME Combined with GC-MS

  • Yoo, Zoo-Won (Department of Chemistry, Seoul Women's University) ;
  • Kim, Nam-Sun (Department of Chemistry, Seoul Women's University) ;
  • Lee, Dong-Sun (Department of Chemistry, Seoul Women's University)
  • Published : 2004.02.20


The aroma component of Hallabong peel has been characterized by GC-MS with two different extraction techniques: solid-phase trapping solvent extraction (SPTE) and headspace solid-phase microextraction (HSSPME). Aroma components emitted from Hallabong peel were compared with those of other citrus varieties: lemon, orange and grapefruit by SPTE and GC-MS. d-Limonene (96.98%) in Hallabong was the main component, and relatively higher peaks of cis- ${\beta}$-ocimene, valencene and -farnesene were observed. Other volatile aromas, such as sabinene, isothujol and ${\delta}$-elemene were observed as small peaks. Also, principal components analysis was employed to distinguish citrus aromas based on their chromatographic data. For HSSPME, the fiber efficiency was evaluated by comparing the partition coefficient ($K_{gs}$Kgs) between the HS gaseous phase and HS-SPME fiber coating, and the relative concentration factors (CF) of the five characteristic compounds of the four citrus varieties. 50/30 ${\mu}$m DVB/CAR/PDMS fiber was verified as the best choice among the four fibers evaluated for all the samples.



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