암환자가 지각한 원인지각 차원별 동질집단 분석

Clusters Analysis According to Causal Attribution in Patients with Cancer

  • 류은정 (건국대학교 의과대학 간호학과) ;
  • 최소영 (경상대학교 의과대학 간호학과) ;
  • 최경숙 (중앙대학교 의과대학 간호학과)
  • 발행 : 2003.02.28

초록

Purpose: This study is designed to identify clusters according to the causal attribution that people make about the cancer and to determine influences of coping behavior and depression as output of causal attribution. Method: The subjects were 192 patients who had been diagnosed cancer one year ago and attended an outpatient clinic. For cancer patients to be classified homogenious groups according to causal attribution, cluster analysis of subjects' ratings on the Causal Dimension Scale was been made. Results: Cluster 1(n=71) had patients with having external, stable and uncontrollable attribution. Cluster 2(n =70) had patients with having unstable and external controllable attribution regarding cause of cancer. They were not important whether cause of cancer was self or other. Cluster 3(n=51) had patients with having internal, unstable and internal controllable attribution. Coping behaviors between cluster 1 and 3 were significant difference. However, depression was not significant difference among clusters. Conclusion: Based upon these results, it is recommended that the developing training program to be changed to the more positive attribution is necessary.