A Study on the Reduction Measures of Energy Demand and Environmental Pollutants on the Transport Sector in Korea

교통부분에 있어서 에너지 소비 및 환경오염물질 저감방안에 관한 연구

  • Yoon, So Won (Dept. of Landscape Architecture, Sangmyung Univ.) ;
  • Jung, Tae Yong (IGES(Institute for Global Environmental Strategies))
  • 윤소원 (상명대학교 환경조경학과) ;
  • 정태용 (지구환경전략연구소)
  • Received : 2003.06.09
  • Accepted : 2003.07.16
  • Published : 2003.09.30

Abstract

본 연구에서는 한국에서 도로 승용차로부터 배출되는 $CO_2$, 대기오염물질 및 에너지 소비에 대한 분석, 전망을 하였다. 도로 승용차 교통부분에서의 에너지 소비 및 $CO_2$와 환경오염물질의 추세는 자동차수와 년간주행거리, 평균 탑승자수, 연료 효율을 바탕으로 구하였다. 장래 에너지 소비와 배출, 시나리오 분석은 스톡홀름 환경연구소(SEI-B(Stockholm Environment Institute-Boston))에서 개발한 LEAP(Long Range Energy Alternative Planning System)을 이용하였다. 시나리오는 2005년부터 BaU(Business-as-Usual), CNG(Compressed Natural Gas) 버스의 도입, 경차 이용의 증가, 30$/TC와 300$/TC 탄소세 도입으로 정하였다. 1998년을 기준년도로 하고 2020년을 목표년도로 하여 시뮬레이션하였다. 분석결과 2020년까지의 전망 및 시나리오 분석을 통하여 도로자가용교통부분에서 에너지를 절감하고 $CO_2$ 및 대기오염물질을 저감하기 위하여 도입한 개별정책들을 통합하고 정책간 상승 효과를 볼 수 있도록 팩키지화시키는 것이 효과적이라고 분석되었다.

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