The Effect of Children's Peer-Relationship and Teacher-Child Relationship on Social Competence

유아의 또래관계 및 교사와의 관계가 사회적 능력에 미치는 영향

  • Jeon, Kyung-Ah (Graduate School of Home Economics Chonbuk National University) ;
  • Lee, Jin-Sook (Department of Child Welfare Jeonbuk Science College)
  • 전정아 (전북대학교 생활과학대학) ;
  • 이진숙 (전북과학대학 아동복지과)
  • Published : 2003.12.31


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of children's peer-relationship and teacher-child relationship on the social competence. The subject of this study consisted of 115 children aged $4{\sim}5$ attending child care centers in Jeon-ju. Peer-relationship was assessed by the peer nomination measure. The teacher-child relationship and the social competence were evaluated by teacher's questionnaire. The results of this study were as follows : There were significant differences according to sex in teacher-child relationship and social competence. Social competences differed among popular, rejected and neglected children's groups. Teacher-child relationship significantly related with the social competence : The intimacy was positively and the conflict negatively related with the social competence. Intimacy, conflict, anxiety of teacher-child relationship accounted for 58% of the social competence variance. Intimacy of teacher-child relationship appeared to be the most important variable.