The Influence of Cognitive and Demographic Similarities of Knowledge Workers on Team Effectiveness

지식근로자 팀효과성의 선행요인 -구성원의 인지적 유사성 vs 속인적 유사성-

  • 강혜련 (이화여자대학교 경영학과) ;
  • 박숙영 (이화여자대학교 경영학과)
  • Received : 2003.07.15
  • Accepted : 2003.08.15
  • Published : 2003.12.01

Abstract

Team-members may have diverse backgrounds and characteristics and such diversity is getting increased in teams in terms of demographics(gender, age, and educations) and capabilities(knowledge, skills, and experiences). A meta-analysis of the last 40 years studies, however, concluded that diversity in teams does not have the consistent main effect on team performances. On the other hand, according to theories of selection and socialization, similarity in values, backgrounds, and experiences buttress the positive and effective working environment. Therefore, we conduct an empirical study in favor of similarity in work teams for the sake of team effectiveness. We investigated the importance of the similarity of team-members on IT team effectiveness. Two aspects of similarity, demographic and cognitive, were considered together. The shared mental model(SMM) was introduced as the representative construct for the cognitive similarity. We found that SMM is more important than the demographic similarities on team effectiveness.