DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Selecting an Effective Sound for Inducing Sows and Their Piglets to Nurse and Suckle

돼지의 수.포유행동 유발에 효과적인 소리의 선정

  • Jeon, J.H. (Division of Animal Science.Institute of Agriculture & Life Sciences, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Yeon, S.C. (College of Vet Medicine, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Chang, H.H. (Division of Animal Science.Institute of Agriculture & Life Sciences, Gyeongsang National University)
  • 전중환 (경상대학교 축산과학부.농업생명과학연구원) ;
  • 연성찬 (경상대학교 수의과학대학) ;
  • 장홍희 (경상대학교 축산과학부.농업생명과학연구원)
  • Published : 2003.08.30

Abstract

Piglets communicate with their sow by using special sounds and synchronize their suckling behavior with their mother’s grunting. This study sought to find an effective sound for controlling the nursing/suckling behavior of pigs. Eighteen crossbred Landrace${\times}$Yorkshire sows and their piglets were studied on days 1, 7, and 14 post-partum. The parity of the sows was three or four. The litter size ranged from 9 to 11, with a mean of 10.4 piglets. Thirty minutes after the end of the last suckling, either the nursing-suckling sound (NSS) or the nursing-suckling sound + click sound (NSSCS) was played for 90 s randomly, and this experiment was repeated three times. The behavior of the sows and their piglets was recorded using camcorders and observed each second. When comparing NSS and NSSCS, there was less lying and sleeping and more sitting, standing, walking, and massaging when NSSCS was played than when NSS was played. These results suggest that NSSCS may induce more nursing and suckling in pigs than NSS.

Keywords

Sow;Piglet;Nursing;Suckling;Sound

References

  1. Algers, B. 1993. Nursing in pigs: Communicating needs and distribution resources. J. Anim. Sci. 71:2826. https://doi.org/10.2527/1993.71102826x
  2. Bate, L. A., Van Lunen, T. A. and Van Lunen, K. 1999. Use of nursing sounds to influence performance of piglets. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 79:577.
  3. Blackshaw, J. K., Jones, D. N. and Thomas, F. J. 1996. Vocal individuality during suckling in the intensively housed domestic pig. Appl. Anim. Behav. 50:33. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1591(96)01074-X
  4. Castren, H., Algers, B., Jensen, P. and Saloniemi, H. 1989. Suckling behaviour and milk consumption in newborn piglets as a response to sow grunting. Appl. Anim. Behav. 24:227. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1591(89)90069-5
  5. Hartman, D. A., Ludwick, T. M. and Wilson, R. F. 1962. Certain aspects of lactation performance in sows. J. Anim. Sci. 21(4):883. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1962.214883x
  6. Heffner, H. E. and Heffner, R. S. 1992. Auditory perception. in Farm Animals and the Environment. Clive Phillips and David Piggins(Eds.), C. A. B. International, Wallingford, UK., p. 159.
  7. Jensen, P. 1987. Maternal behaviour and motheryoung interactions during lactation in free-ranging domestic pigs. Appl. Anim. Behav. 20:297.
  8. Jensen, P., Sangel, G. and Algers, B. 1991. Nursing and suckling behaviour of semi-naturally kept pigs during the first 10 days of postpartum. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 31:195. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1591(91)90005-I
  9. Kasanen, S. and Algers, B. 2001. A note on the effects of additional sow gruntings on suckling behaviour in piglets. Appl. Anim. Behav. 75:93.
  10. Pryor, K. 1985. Don’t shoot the dog. Simon & Schuster, Inc., New York, U.S.A.
  11. Lewis, N. J. and Hurnik, J. F. 1985. The development of nursing behaviour in swine. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 14:225. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1591(85)90003-6
  12. Petrie, C. L. and Gonyou, H. W. 1988. Effects of auditory, visual and chemical stimuli on the ingestive behaviour of newly weaned piglets. J. Anim. Sci. 66:661. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1988.663661x
  13. Rohde Parfet, K. A. and Gonyou, H. W. 1991. Attraction of newborn piglets to auditory, visual, olfactory and tactile stimuli. J. Anim. Sci. 69:125. https://doi.org/10.2527/1991.691125x
  14. Shillito Walser, E. E. 1985. Recognition of the sow's voice by neonatal piglets. Behav. 99:177. https://doi.org/10.1163/156853986X00540
  15. Spinka, M., Illmann, G., Algers, B. and Stetkova, Z. 1997. The role of nursing frequency in milk production in domestic pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 75:1223. https://doi.org/10.2527/1997.7551223x
  16. Tanaka, T., Ochiai, N., Tanida, H. and Yoshimoto, T. 1998. The role of visual, auditory, and olfactory stimuli in teat seeking behavior of piglets. Anim. Sci. Technol.(Jpn.) 69(9):854.
  17. Yeon, S. C., Golden, G., Sung, W., Erb, H. N., Reymolds, A. J. and Houpt, K. A. 2001. A comparison of tethering and pen confinement of dogs. J. Appl. Anim. Welfare Sci. 4(4):257. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327604JAWS0404_03
  18. 장홍희, 연성찬. 2002. 돼지의 수.포유 행동: I. 수유 행동에서 모돈(랜드레이스${\times}$요크셔) 발성음의 특성. 대한임상수의학회지 19(2) : 191.

Cited by

  1. A note on acoustic analysis of dairy calves’ vocalizations at 1 day after separation from dam vol.8, pp.1, 2009, https://doi.org/10.4081/ijas.2009.113