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Correlated Relationships Between Vitamin A Concentration in Serum and Liver and Carcass Characteristics of Hanwoo Steers

거세한우의 혈청 및 간장내 비타민 A 농도와 도체형질간의 상관관계

  • Chae, S.H. (Department of Animal Science, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Jung, K.K. (Department of Animal Science, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Choi, C.B. (Department of Animal Science, Yeungnam University)
  • Published : 2003.08.30

Abstract

The current study was conducted to determine the relationships of vitamin A on meat quality of Hanwoo as a basic study to manipulate vitamin A contents in feeds to produce high quality beef. Concentrations of vitamin A in serum and liver of Hanwoo steers(n=328) were analyzed and correlation coefficients with carcass properties were evaluated. Mean vitamin A concentration in the serum of Hanwoo steers in the early fattening period was 212.0$\pm$32.7 IU/dl, and that in the late fattening period was 117.56$\pm$43.15 IU/dl. Mean vitamin A concentration in the liver of Hanwoo steers in the late fattening period was 143.62$\pm$110 IU/g expressing large variations might be depended on animals, feeds and farms. There were negative correlations between serum vitamin A concentration and marbling degree(r=-0.24, P<0.01), fat contents in M. Logissimus dorsi (r=-0.21, P<0.01), and beef quality grade(r=-0.20, P<0.01). Vitamin A-palmitate in liver also expressed negative correlations with fat contents in M. Logissimus dorsi (r=-0.18, P<0.01) and beef quality grade(r=-0.16, P<0.05). From the results obtained in the current study, we concluded that it might be possible to produce high quality beef in Hanwoo by manipulating vitamin A contents in the feeds. Further detailed studies, however, are necessary to determine vitamin A contents in feeds, feeding levels, and feeding periods.

Keywords

Vitamin A;HPLC;Carcass trait;Correlation coefficients;Hanwoo steer

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