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Effects of Concentrate to Roughage Ratio on the Formation of cis-9, trans-11 CLA and trans-11-Octadecenoic Acid in Rumen Fluid and Plasma of Sheep When Fed High Oleic or High Linoleic Acid Oils

  • Wang, J.H. ;
  • Choi, S.H. ;
  • Song, M.K.
  • Received : 2003.04.29
  • Accepted : 2003.07.29
  • Published : 2003.11.01

Abstract

A metabolism trial with four ruminally fistulated sheep was conducted in a $4{\times}4$ Latin square design to examine the effect of concentrate to roughage ratio (70:30 vs. 85:15) and oil source (soybean oil vs. rapeseed oil) on the ruminal fermentation pattern and $C_{18}$-fatty acids composition including trans11-$C_{18:1}$ (trans11-ODA) and cis9, trans11-18:2 (cis9, trans11-CLA) in the rumen fluid and plasma. Oil was added to the concentrate at 5% level of the total diet (DM basis) and chopped rye grass hay was fed as roughage. An increased level of concentrate (85%) within supplemented oil slightly lowered pH but increased ammonia concentration. Supplementation of rapeseed oil relatively increased pH and ammonia concentration. Higher concentrate level resulted in increased tendencies of total VFA concentration while oil source did not affect the total VFA concentration and VFA proportion. Whole tract digestibilities of DM, CP, EE, NDF and OM in diets slightly increased at higher concentrate level. Proportions of oleic acid ($C_{18:1}$) and linoleic acid ($C_{18:2}$) in the rumen fluid were influenced by the fatty acid composition of oil source but oil source did not affect the in vitro formations of trans11-ODA and cis9, trans11-CLA. Slightly increased trans11-ODA and cis9, trans11-CLA proportions, however, were observed from the sheep fed high roughage diet supplemented with both soybean oil and rapeseed oil. The $C_{18:1}$ and $C_{18:2}$ composition in supplemented oils responded to those in plasma of sheep. Effects of concentrate to roughage ratio and oil source on trans11-ODA and cis9, trans11-CLA proportions in plasma were found to be small. Proportion of cis9, trans11-CLA in plasma tended to be increased from the sheep fed high roughage diet and collection time at 9h post feeding.

Keywords

Concentrate to Roughage Ratio;Oil Source;Cis9;Trans11-$C_{18:2}$;Trans11-$C_{18:1}$;Sheep

Cited by

  1. Effects of different roughage sources and feeding levels on adipogenesis of ovine adipocytes vol.86, pp.11, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1111/asj.12380
  2. Conjugated fatty acids and methane production by rumen microbes when incubated with linseed oil alone or mixed with fish oil and/or malate vol.86, pp.8, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1111/asj.12354

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Agricultural R & D Promotion Center