Determination of Plutonium in HANARO Irradiated Fuel by IDMS

동위원소희석 질량분석법에 의한 조사 후 하나로 핵연료 중 Pu 정량

  • Jeon, Young Shin (Nuclear Chemistry Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Son, Sae Chul (Nuclear Chemistry Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) ;
  • Kim, Jung Suk (Nuclear Chemistry Research Division, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute)
  • 전영신 (한국원자력연구소, 원자력화학연구부) ;
  • 손세철 (한국원자력연구소, 원자력화학연구부) ;
  • 김정석 (한국원자력연구소, 원자력화학연구부)
  • Received : 2003.02.14
  • Accepted : 2003.04.09
  • Published : 2003.06.25


Two methods, IDMS (Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry) and controlled potential coulometry are compared by the determination of Pu for the NBL, CRM No.122, $PuO_2$. The recovery of Pu was found to be $1.002176{\pm}0.000452$ within the relative standard deviation of 0.045% (95% conf. level) although a small size of sample ($0.9{\mu}g$-Pu) was used in IDMS. The recovery using controlled potential coulometry were obtained in the range of 0.9923~0.9960. The analytical results of IDMS and controlled potential coulometry were good agreement within 0.6~1%. Base on these experiment results, The plutonium in HANARO irradiated fuel rod that separated portion of top, middle, and bottom were determined. The measured values of Pu are 1.155 mg, 2.483 mg and 1.920 mg in one gram of sample(fuel+clad), respectively.


plutonium;IDMS;irradiated fuel;coulometry


Supported by : 과학기술부


  1. Fresenius Zeitschrift f체r Analytische Chemie v.247 no.3-4 V. Baeckmann A;P. Pella
  2. Proc. Symp. on Anal. Ndthods in Nuclear Fuel Cycle Savage, D. J.;J. L. Drummond
  3. J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. v.136 S. K. Aggarwal;M. K. Saxena, H. C.
  4. Determination of uranium and Plutonium in Nuclear Fuels H. Sorantin
  5. Talanta v.10 no.8 Applications of controlled-potential coulometry to the determination of plutonium W.D. Shults
  6. Anal. Sci. Tech. v.13 no.5 K. S. Choi(et. al.)
  7. J. of Korea Chem. Soc. v.44 no.6 S. C. Sohn;M. Y. Suh;J. S. Kim;B. C. Song;K. W. Jee;W. H. Kim
  8. Analytical Chemistry v.23 no.5 Bartlett, T. W.
  9. NBL-299 M. K. Holland;J. R. Weiss;C. E. Pietri
  10. IAEA-AL-059 K. Ronesch;G. Tammet;J. Berger;N. Doubek;G. Bagliano;S. Deron
  11. Analytica Chimica Acta v.117 D. D. Jackson;R. M. Holland;F. R. Roensch;T. E. Rein
  12. Electronanlytical Chemistry v.8 J. E. Harrar;A. J. Bard(ed.)
  13. Report NAS-NS 3058 The Radiochemistry of Plutonium G. H. Coleman
  14. IAEA-AL-031 V. Kuvik;L. Vrbora
  15. Spectrochim. Acta v.B51 H. Klinkenberg;W. Van Borm;F. Souren
  16. Am. Nucl. Soc. The Chemistry of Plutonium J. M. Cleveland
  17. Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Autumn Meeting Seoul J. s. Kim(et. al.)
  18. Proc. Symp. on Nuclear Materials Management Milner, G. W. C.;Phillips G.
  19. Tech. Rep. no.57 Plutonium Measurements Using the Resin Bead Method J. Oesselmann;Finnigan MAT GmbH
  20. Analytical Chemistry v.34 no.5 Liebhafsky, H. A.;E. H. Winslow;H. G. Pfeifer