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Estimation of Genetic Parameters of Body Weight by Growth Periods for Hanwoo Using Animal Model

개체모형에 의한 한우의 성장단계별 체중의 유전모수 추정

  • Choi, J.G. (Daekwanryeong Branch, National Livestock Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Jeon, K.J. (Daekwanryeong Branch, National Livestock Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Lee, C.W. (Daekwanryeong Branch, National Livestock Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Na, G.J. (Daekwanryeong Branch, National Livestock Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Lee, C. (Laboratory of Statistical Genetics, Institute of Environment & Life Science, Hallym University) ;
  • Kim, J.B. (Division of Animal Resources Science, College of Animal Resources Science Kangwon National University)
  • Published : 2003.10.31

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to investigate the genetic characteristics of body weight by growth periods for Hanwoo. A total of 1,736 records were used for body weight. The data for body weights were collected from 1990 to 2000 in Daekwanryong branch, National Livestock Research Institute(NLRI). Estimates of (co)variance components were obtained by derivative-free Restricted Maximum Likelihood (DF-REML). The results are summarized as follows; The means for the weights were 25.60, 79.31, 98.91, 145.40, 283.26, 392.32, 545.65kg at birth, 3, 4, 6, 12, 18, 24month postpartum, respectively. The effects of calving year-season were significant for the milk yield of cow. Heritability estimates of direct genetic effects for birth weight were 0.54(all), 0.52(female), 0.36(male) in modelⅠ, 0.45(all), 0.41(female), 0.24(male) in modelⅡ, and heritabilities estimates of direct genetic effects for 4 month(weaning) weight were 0.47(all), 0.33(female), 0.28(male) in modelⅠ, 0.38(all), 0.21(female), 0.21(male) in modelⅡ. Heritability estimates for male and female data differed from those for combined data. The estimates became smaller for the body weights at 12 month or later(0.13~0.05). The heritabilities of average daily gain were smaller than those for body weights, but showed that the similar pattern to body weights.

Keywords

Hanwoo(Korean Cattle);Body weights;Genetic parameters

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