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Analysis of Microsatellite DNA Polymorphism for Parentage Testing in Dog Breeds

개의 친자감정을 위한 Microsatellite DNA 다형성 분석

  • Published : 2003.04.30

Abstract

This study was carried out to investigate a usefulness of the microsatellite DNA markers for individual identification and parentage verification in three dog breeds. A total of 59 random dog (31 Chiwawa, 20 Poongsan, 8 Labrador Retriever) samples were genotyped by using 14 markers (Chiwawa dog), 16 markers (Poongsan dog), and 12 markers (Labrador Retriever dog) among the 17 international standard markers (PEZ1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, FHC2010, FHC2054 and FHC2079), respectively. The number of alleles per locus varied from 4 to 14 with a mean value of 6.07 in Chiwawa dog, 2 to 9 with a mean of 4.75 in Poongsan dog, and 3 to 5 with a mean of 4.00 in Labrador Retriever dog. Observed heterozygosity was ranged 0.419${\sim}$0.968 (mean 0.755), 0.300${\sim}$0.950 (mean 0.597) and 0.125${\sim}$0.750 (mean 0.604), and expected heterozygosity was ranged 0.432${\sim}$0.883 (mean 0.711), 0.262${\sim}$0.817 (mean 0.559) and 0.425${\sim}$0.808 (mean 0.660) in these three dog breeds. PIC value was ranged 0.397${\sim}$0.856 (mean 0.659), 0.222${\sim}$0.772 (mean 0.503) and 0.354${\sim}$0.717 (mean 0.563) in these three dog breeds. Of the 17 markers, PEZ1, PEZ3, PEZ6, PEZ10, PEZ12 loci, PEZ1, PEZ6, PEZ13 loci, and PEZ8, PEZ12 loci have relatively high PIC value (>0.7) in Chiwawa dog, Poongsan dog and Labrador Retriever dog, respectively. The exclusion probability was ranged 0.240${\sim}$0.741, 0.111${\sim}$0.616, and 0.198${\sim}$0.529, and the combination of microsatellite loci was 0.9999, 0.9991, and 0.9968 in Chiwawa dog, Poongsan dog and Labrador Retriever dog, respectively. These results can give basic information for developing parentage verification and individual identification system in these three dog breeds.

Keywords

Allele;Dog;Microsatellite DNA;Parentage verification

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