AGAPE-ET: A Predictive Human Error Analysis Methodology for Emergency Tasks in Nuclear Power Plants

원자력발전소 비상운전 직무의 인간오류분석 및 평가 방법 AGAPE-ET의 개발

  • 김재환 (한국원자력연구소 종합안전평가부) ;
  • 정원대 (한국원자력연구소 종합안전평가부)
  • Published : 2003.06.01

Abstract

It has been criticized that conventional human reliability analysis (HRA) methodologies for probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) have been focused on the quantification of human error probability (HEP) without detailed analysis of human cognitive processes such as situation assessment or decision-making which are crticial to successful response to emergency situations. This paper introduces a new human reliability analysis (HRA) methodology, AGAPE-ET (A guidance And Procedure for Human Error Analysis for Emergency Tasks), focused on the qualitative error analysis of emergency tasks from the viewpoint of the performance of human cognitive function. The AGAPE-ET method is based on the simplified cognitive model and a taxonomy of influencing factors. By each cognitive function, error causes or error-likely situations have been identified considering the characteristics of the performance of each cognitive function and influencing mechanism of PIFs on the cognitive function. Then, overall human error analysis process is designed considering the cognitive demand of the required task. The application to an emergency task shows that the proposed method is useful to identify task vulnerabilities associated with the performance of emergency tasks.

Keywords

human reliability analysis;human error analysis;probabilistic safety assessment

References

  1. Swain AD, Guttmann HE. Handbook of human reliability analysis with emphasis on nuclear power plant applications. NUREG/CR-1278, USNRC, 1983.
  2. Swain AD, Accident sequence evaluation program human reliability analysis procedure, USNRC, NUREG/CR-4772, 1987
  3. Williams, J.c., A databased method for assessing and reducing human error to improve operational performance', Proceedings of the IEEE Fourth Conference on Human Factors and Power Plants, Monterey, California, pp, 436-450, 1988
  4. Hirschberg, S. (ed.), Dependencies, human interactions and uncertainties in probabilistic safety assessments. Final report of the NKA Nordic Project RAS 470, 1990
  5. Svenson, O., A decision theoretic approach to an accident sequence: when feedwater and auxiliary feedwater fail in a nuclear power plant. Reliability Engineering and System Safety 59, pp. 243-252, 1998 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0951-8320(97)00127-0
  6. 정원대 외, '화학공장의 위험성 평가를 위한 인간신뢰도분석 방법 및 지원 시스템 개발', 화학공학회 2000년 춘계학술발표 논문집, 2000
  7. USNRC. Technical basis and implementation guidelines for a technique for human event analysis (ATHEANA). NUREG-1624. Rev. 1, 2000
  8. Hollnagel E. Cognitive reliability and error analysis method. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 1998
  9. Reason J. Human error. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990
  10. 김재환, 정원대, '원자력발전소 사고관리 직무의 인간신뢰도분석을 위한 수행영향인자의 선정,' 대한인간공학회지, 제20권, 제2호, 2001
  11. Gertman, D.I., et al., INTENT: A method for estimating human error probabilities for decision-based errors. Reliability Engineering and System Safety 35, 127-136, 1992 https://doi.org/10.1016/0951-8320(92)90032-G
  12. Rasmussen J. Information processing and human-machine interaction: an approach to cognitive engineering. New York: North-Holland. 1986
  13. Dougherty Ed. Context and Human Reliability Analysis, Reliability Engineering and System Safety, 41, 25, 1993 https://doi.org/10.1016/0951-8320(93)90016-R
  14. Le Bot P, Cara F. Bieder C, MERMOS, a second generation HRA method: what it does and doesn't do. Proceedings of International Conference on PSA, Washington, DC, p.852-60, 1999
  15. KEPRI, 영광 5,6호기 PSA Notebook, 2001
  16. Hannaman GW, Sprgin AJ, Lukic YD, Human cognitive reliability model for PRA analysis, Drafts report, NUS-4531, EPRI Project RP 2170-3, 1984
  17. Embrey D, SLIM MAlUD: An approach toassessing human error probabilities using structured expert judgement. NUREG/CR-3518, USNRC, 1984
  18. Yoon WC, Lee YH, Kim YS. A model-based and computer-aided approach to analysis of human errors in nuclear power plants. Journal of Reliability Engineering and System Safety 1996; 51: 43-52 https://doi.org/10.1016/0951-8320(95)00098-4
  19. Kirwan B, A guide to practical human reliability assessment, Taylor & Francis, 1994
  20. Kirwan B. The development of a nuclear chemical plant human reliability management approach: HRMS and JHEDI, Reliability Engineering and System Safety, 56, pp. 107-133, 1997 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0951-8320(97)00006-9
  21. 김재환, 정원대, 원자력발전소 비상운전 직무의 인간오류분석 및 평가를 위한 AGAPE-ET 의 개발과 적용, KAERI/TR-2077/2002, 2002