Nondestructive Internal Defects Evaluation for Pear Using NIR/VIS Transmittance Spectroscopy

  • Ryu, D.S. (Research Institute of Non-destructive Quality Evaluation, Life & Technology Co. Ltd.) ;
  • Noh, S.H. (School of Biological Resources and Materials Engineering, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University) ;
  • Hwnag, H. (Department of Bio-Mechatronic Engineering, Faculty of Life Science and Technology, Sungkyunkwan University)
  • Published : 2003.06.01


Internal defects such as browning of the flesh and blackening and rot of the ovary of pear can be easily developed because of the inadequate environmental conditions during the storage and distribution of fruit. The quality assurance system for the agricultural product is to be settled in Korea. All defected agricultural products should be excluded prior to the distribution to enhance the commercial values. However, early stage on-line defect detection of agricultural product is very difficult and even more difficult in a case of the internal defects. The goal of this research is to develop a system that can detect and classify internal defects of agricultural produce on-line using VIS/NIR transmittance spectroscopy. And Shingo pear, which is one of the famous species of Korean pear, was used for the experiment. Soft independence modeling of class analogy (SIMCA) algorithm was employed to analyze the transmittance spectroscopic data qualitatively. On-line classification system was constructed and classification model was developed and validated. As a result, the correct classification rate (CCR) using the developed classification model was 96.1 %.