Bending strength assessment of Larix logs by nondestructive evaluation techniques

비파괴 시험방법을 이용한 낙엽송재 원목의 휨강도 특성 평가

  • 박준철 (강원대학교 산림과학대학 임산공학과) ;
  • 홍순일 (강원대학교 산림과학대학 임산공학과)
  • Published : 2003.09.01


In forest products industry, a variety of nondestructive evaluation techniques are now being used to assess the mechanical properties of structural lumber. Ultrasonic and longitudinal vibration technique are frequently used to assess the modulus of elasticity(MOE) of lumber. The objective of this research was to evaluate the MOE and modulus of rupture(MOR) of small-diameter of Larix log(Larix kaempferi Carr.), using these techniques. In this study, 50 small-diameter logs were nondestructiveively evaluated. The dynamic modulus of elasticity(Eu) of the logs was first evaluated, using an ultrasonic method. After ultrasonic tests, the logs were measured using a longitudinal vibration technique(Ev). Static bending test was then performed on the logs to obtain the static modulus of elasticity(Es) and modulus of rupture of these logs. In general, the dynamic MOE (Ev) of logs was closely co..elated with the stati, MOE for log. Based on the results of these experiments, it can be concluded that small-diameter Larix logs can be successfully evaluated by Ultrasonic and longitudinal vibration technique. The experimental results indicated that the ultrasonic technique is effective to the log, which contains many knots. The longitudinal vibration technique is effective to the log, in which many cracks are included.