Mechanical Properties of Bamboo-reinforced Boards Manufactured with Phyllostachys bambusoides Growing in Damyang District (I) -- Physical Properties of Bamboo Strand Board --

담양산 왕대를 이용한 대나무 강화 복합보드의 제조 및 역학적 특성 평가 (I) - 대나무 스트랜드 보드의 물리적 특성 -

  • 소원택 (전남대학교 임산공학과 농업과학기술연구소) ;
  • 박병대 (임업연구원)
  • Published : 2003.09.01


Bamboo strand board (BSB) was made with Phyllostachys banbusoides growing in Damyang district. Physical and mechanical properties of this BSB were summarized as follows; The specific gravity of BSB was 0.63∼0.79. Specific gravity decreased slightly with the thickness and length of BSB. Moisture content of BSB manufactured was 5.8∼6.9%. The absorption ate of BSB (42∼48%) did not show any relationship with the thickness and length of BSB. The thickness swelling rate of BSB was 13.9∼17.0%, relatively higher than any other panel products. Thickness swelling rate increased with the thickness of BSB, showing the strand thickness influenced much more on the rate of thickness swelling of BSB than the length of strand. The 3-point bending strength of BSB was 98∼126kgf/$\textrm{cm}^2$. Bending strength of showed the tendency of increase with the increased length of BSB, but with the decreased thickness. In particular, the length of BSB showed more effect on the increase of bending strength of BSB than the thickness of BSB. The compression strength perpendicular to BSB surface was 411 ∼ 465 kgf/$\textrm{cm}^2$, and the optimal length of strand for the 1mm- and 2mm-thickness of strand was 40mm and 60mm, respectively. Compression strength paralleled to BSD was 160∼221kgf/$\textrm{cm}^2$ and the optimal length of strand for the 2mm-thickness of strand appeared to be 60mm. The present work showed that appearance, physical and mechanical strength of BSB appeared quite positive in terms of board qualities, suggesting that bamboo would be appropriate for the production of board materials. In addition, our work showed that the crucial factor for determining the mechanical characteristics of BSB was the dimension of strand.