Effect of Calcium Acetate on the Dough Fermentation and Quality Characteristics of Bread

Calcium Acetate의 첨가가 반죽의 발효와 빵의 품질특성에 미치는 영향

  • 이예경 (대구가톨릭대학교 식품산업학부 식품공학전공) ;
  • 이명예 (대구가톨릭대학교 식품산업학부 식품공학전공) ;
  • 김순동 (대구가톨릭대학교 식품산업학부 식품공학전공)
  • Published : 2003.12.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the quality characteristic of bread added with 0, 2, 4 and 8% liquid calcium acetate(LCA-breads) to the dough prepared with brown rice, vinegar and ash of black snail replacing wheat flour. The pH of the dough was 5.38 in control and 5.39∼5.42 in the LCA-broads, which showed that the higher the content of LCA, the higher the pH. There was no big difference of the baking loss between control (10.73%) and LCA-breads(10.11∼10.81%). The loaf volume index was 7.12 in the control, 7.18 in the 2% LCA-bread, while the index was 6.22 in the 4% LCA-bread, 5.80 in the 8% LCA-bread. Calcium content was 16 mg% in the control, 30, 60 and 120 mg% in 2, 4 and 8% LCA-bread, respectively. The hardness, gumminess and brittleness of LCA-breads were higher, while springiness and cohesiveness were lower than that of the control. In the LCA-breads, $L^{*}$ values were lower and $b^{*}$ value was higher than those of the control, while there were no significant difference in af values. Increasing the LCA, air cells were bigger and irregular, and starch matrix was unstable. There were no significant difference in sour and bitter taste. The scores of stickiness of the 2∼4% LCA-breads were similar to that of the control and higher in the 8% LCA-bread. The scores of the flavor and overall taste in the LCA-breads were similar to the control, while the values were lower in the 4∼8% LCA-breads. The shelf-life evaluated by the number of moldy spots was not different between the control and 2% LCA-bread, while it was extended two times in 4% and three times in the 8% LCA-bread.ead.

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