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Distribution and Origin of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Surface Sediments Inside Hallim Harbor of Jeju Island, Korea

  • Moon, Sang-Hee (Division of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cheju National University) ;
  • Lee, Min-Gyu (Division of Chemical Engineering, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kam, Sang-Kyu (Division of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Cheju National University)
  • Published : 2003.11.01

Abstract

The surface sediments inside Hallim Harbor, one of the major harbors of Jeju Island, were sampled three times (June, September and December, 2001) and analyzed for 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), recommended by US-EPA as priority pollutants, to assess their distribution levels and to suggest their possible origins. The concentrations of PAHs ranged from 19 to 496 ng/g on a dry weight basis with a mean value of 245 ng/g, and the levels were low to moderate in comparison with other areas in the world. Based on comparisons of individual and total PAH concentrations with effects-based and equilibrium partitioning-based on sediment quality guidelines, the potential for the biological effects were expected to be low. The sedimentary PAHs may be correlated with organic carbon and mud contents to some extent. From the examinations of the four PAH origin indices, such as LMW/HMW (low molecular weight 2-3 ring PAHs over high molecular weight 4-6 ring PAHs), phenanthrene/anthracene ratio, fluoranthene/pyrene ratio, chrysene/benzo〔a〕anthracene ratio, it can be concluded that the sediment PAH contaminations were ascribed to both pyrolytic and petrogenic origins.

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