- Volume 22 Issue 1
The influence factors for char yield in the carbonization process of natural cellulose are the carbonization temperature, the heating rate and the atmosphere in the furnace. In general, it is well known that the improvement of char yield is expected under the conditions of the lower carbonization temperature, the slower heating rate and the presence of inert gas in the furnace. In this study, it has been investigated the effect of the heating rate control with sulfuric acid as a dehydrating agent for the improvement of char yield in the carbonization process of natural cellulose. The cellulose treated with sulfuric acid has shown the weak dependency of heating rate in char yield, whereas the untreated cellulose has shown the strong dependency. These findings clearly suggest that it can be useful to control heating rate with appropriate dehydrating agent in the carbonization process to improve the char yield and shortening the carbonization time.