Prevalence and Seasonal Abundance of the Dominant Mosquito Species in a Large Marsh near Coast of Ulsan

울산 해안의 습지 주위에 서식하는 주요 모기의 발생 소장

  • 정영석 (고신대학교 생명과학과 위생곤충연구실) ;
  • 이동규 (고신대학교 생명과학과 위생곤충연구실)
  • Published : 2003.06.01

Abstract

Seasonal fluctuations in density of mosquito species were investigated at two cow sheds near to a large, reedy marsh with fairly polluted brackish water near the coast of Yongam-ri, Cheongryang-myon, Ulsan, Korea. Female mosquitoes were collected biweekly using Nozawa light traps from March to September, from 1999 to 2001. On average, 4,416.1, 5,505.9 and 6,863.8 females per trap night were collected from 10 species in 5 genera in 1999, 2000 and 2001, respectively. Among them, An. sinensis was most abundant (53.4% in species ratio), followed by Cx. tritaeniorhynchus (43.0%), Cx. inatomii (1.6%), Ochlerotatus dorsalis (1.3%) and Cx. pipiens pallens (0.5%). A malaria vector, An. sinensis and a Japanese encephalitis vector, Cx. tritaeniorhynchus were collected 3,663.3 females and 3,142.5 females per trap night from June to September for the years, respectively. According to the biweekly population changes at the area, Cx. inatomii which was dominant species in 1997, was the most abundant in the early July during 1999-2001.

Keywords

Mosquito;Seasonal abundance;Culex inatomii;Light trap;Ulsan

References

  1. Cho, E.H., J.B. Ahn and K.T. Sohn. 1998. A study on the effect of air temperature change due to industrialization in Ulsan area. J. Korean Environ. Sci. Assoc. 7: 191-194
  2. Kim, H.C., D.A. Strickman and K.W. Lee. 2000. Seasonal prevalence and feeding activity of Anopheles sinensis (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Northwestern part of Kyonggi province, Republic of Korea. Korean J. Entomol. 30: 193-199
  3. Kim, H.C., K.W. Lee, W.B. Miller and D.A. Strickman. 2001. Seasonal prevalence of mosquitoes collected from light trap in Korea (1997-1998). Korean J. Entomol. 31: 7-13
  4. KMA. 2000. Daily meteorological data of 2000. Korea Meteorological Administration
  5. Ree, H.I. 1998. Occurrence of Culex (Barraudius) inatomii Kamimura and Wada (Diptera: Culicidae) in a large marsh adjacent to the coast of Ulsan, Korea. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 14: 344-345
  6. Ree, H.I. and S.K. Lee. 1993. Studies on mosquito population dynamics in Chollabug-do, Korea (1985-1990).-2. Factors influencing population sizes of Culex tritaeniorhynchus and Anopheles sinensis. Korean J. Entomol. 23: 185-194
  7. Tanaka, K., K. Mizusawa and E.S. Saughust. 1979. Mosquitoes of Japan and Korea. Vol. 16,987pp. Am. Entomol. Ins., Washington, DC
  8. KMA. 2001. Daily meteorological data of 2001. Korea Meteorological Administration
  9. Lee, W.J. and D.K. Lee. 2003. Seasonal prevalence of mosquitoes collected from light traps in Republic of Korea (1999-2001). Proc. Korea-Japan Confer. AppI. Entomol. pp. 189-190
  10. Yang, K.H. 1992. Seasonal abundance of mosquitoes collected by black light trap and identification of mosquito host blood sources in Suwon. M. S. thesis. Seoul National University. 46 pp
  11. Lee, D.K. 1998. Effect of two rice culture methods on the seasonal occurrence of mosquito larvae and other aquatic animals in rice fields of Southwestern Korea. J. Vector Ecol. 23: 161-170
  12. Ree, H.I. and S.K. Lee. 1991. Studies on mosquito population dynamics in Chollabug-do, Korea (1985-1990).-1. Seasonal and annual fluctuations in population size. Korean J. Entomol. 21: 141-155
  13. Lee, Y.B. 2001. Studies on vectorial capacity of malaria vector mosquitoes in the Northern Kyonggi province, Korea. M. S. thesis. University of Inchon, 66 pp. Korea
  14. Kim, H.C., K.W. Lee, L.L. Robert, M.R. Sardelis and F. E. Chase. 1995. Seasonal prevalence of mosquitoes collected from light trap in Korea (1991-1992). Korean J. Entomol. 25: 225-234
  15. KMA. 1999. Daily meteorological data of 1999. Korea Meteorological Administration
  16. KMA. 1997. Daily meteorological data of 1997. Korea Meteorological Administration
  17. KMA. 1998. Daily meteorological data of 1998. Korea Meteorological Administration
  18. Kim, H.C., K.W. Lee, J.W. Jones and G.W. Korch. 1997. Seasonal prevalence of mosquitoes collected from light trap in Korea (1993-1994). Korean J. Entomol. 27: 21-28
  19. Lee, D.K., H.C. Cho, H.D. Kwon, C.N. Lee, S.T. Ha, J.H. Bin and G.Y. Jung. 1999. Seasonal prevalence of mosquitoes collected from light trap in Pusan, Korea (1993-1995). Kosin J. Health Sci. 9: 79-86
  20. Yoon, J.H., H.C. Park, B.G. Jung, S.R. Sohn and S.H. Park. 1994. Seasonal prevalence of mosquitoes collected with light trap -At a cow shed in the vicinity of Taegu city, Korea. Korean J. Entomol.24: 7-17
  21. Clements, A.N. 1999. The biology of mosquitoes. Vol. 2, 740 pp. CABI, New York
  22. Lee, D.K. and S.J. Kim. 2001. Seasonal prevalence of mosquitoes and weather factors influencing population size of Anopheles sinensis (Diptera, Culicidae) in Busan, Korea. Korean J. Entomol. 31: 183-188
  23. Hong, H.K. 1977. Ecological studies on Korean mosquitoes mainly found in the human habitation. Ph. D. dissertation. Dongguk University, 57 pp. Korea
  24. Kim, H.C., K.W. Lee, T.A. Klein and D.A. Strickman. 1999. Seasonal prevalence of mosquitoes collected from light trap in Korea (1995-1996). Korean J. Entomol. 29: 181-187