Satellite Monitoring and Prediction for the Occurrence of the Red Tide in the Middle Coastal Area in the South Sea of Korea

  • Yoon, Hong-Joo (Department of Satellite Information Science, Pukyong National University) ;
  • Kim, Young-Seup (Department of Satellite Information Science, Pukyong National University)
  • Published : 2003.02.01


It was studied the relationship between the red tide occurrence and the meteorological and oceanographic factors, the choice of potential area for red tide occurrence, and the satellite monitoring for red tide. From 1990 through 2001, the red tide continuously appeared and the number of red tide occurrence increased every year. Then, the red tide bloomed during the periods of July and August. An important meteorological factor governing the mechanisms of the increasing in number of red tide occurrence was heavy precipitation. Oceanographic factors of favorable marine environmental conditions for the red tide formation included warm water temperature, low salinity, high suspended solid, low phosphorus, low nitrogen. A common condition for the red tide occurrence was heavy precipitation 2∼4 days earlier, and the favorable conditions for the red tide formation were high air temperature, proper sunshine and light winds for the day in red tide occurrence. From satellite images, it was possible to monitor the spatial distributions and concentrations of red tide. It was founded the potential areas for red tide occurrence in August 2000 by CIS conception: Yeosu∼Dolsan coast, Gamak bay, Namhae coast, Marado coast, Goheung coast, Deukryang bay, respectively.


  1. J. of the Korean Soc. of Remote Sensing v.16 no.3 Development of remote sensing reflectance and water leaving radiance models for ocean remote sensing technique Ahn,Y.H.
  2. J. of the Korean Soc. of Oceanography v.6 no.2 Oceanographic condition of the coastal area between Narodo Is. and Sorido Is. in the Southern Sea of Korea and its relation to the disappearance of red-tide observed in Summer 1998, Choi,H.Y.
  3. History of algal records in Korean coastal waters;Harmful algal blooms in Korea and China Hahn,S.D.;Kim,H.G.(ed.);S.G.Lee(ed.);C.K.Lee(ed.)
  4. Bull. Plankton Soc. of Japan v.30 Maximum growth rate of Gymnodinium sp.(Type-'65), a red tide dinoflagellate, expected under culture condition Iizuka,S.;K.Mine
  5. Toxic Marine Phytoplankton Use of remotely-sensed sea surface temperature in studies of Alexandrium tamarense bloom dynamics Keafer,B.A.;D.M.Anderson;Smayda,T.M.(ed.);Y.Shimizu(ed.)
  6. Harmful algal blooms in Korean coastal waters focused on three fish-killing dinoflagellates Kim,H.G.;Kim,H.G.(ed.);S.G.Lee(ed.);C.K.Lee(ed.)
  7. Marine pollutions and red tide NFRDI(National Fisheries Research and Development Institute)
  8. Red tide in the Korean coastal Waters NFRDI
  9. J. of Geophys. Res. v.103-C11 no.24 Ocean color chlorophyll chlorophyll algorithms SeaWiFS O'Reilly,J.E.;S.Maritorena;B.G.Mitchell;D.A.siegel;K.L.Carder;S.A.Graver;M.Kahu;C.McClain
  10. Recent approacher on red tides Red tide occurrence and countermeasure in Korea Park,J.S.;Park,J.S.(ed.);H.G.Kim(ed.)
  11. Cont. Shelf Res. v.17 no.7 Cross-shelf intrusion of subtropical water into the coastal zone of northeast New Zealand Sharples,J.
  12. J. Korean Environ. Sci. Soc. v.9 Relationship between sea surface temperature derived from NOAA satellites and Coclodinium polykrikoides red tide occurrence in Korean coastal waters Suh,Y.S.;J.H.Kim;H.G.Kim
  13. Limnol. Oceanogr. v.36 An expatriate red tide bloom: transport, distribution, and persistence Tester,P.A.;R.P.Stumpf;F.M.Vukovich;P.K.Flower;J.T.Turner
  14. Remote Sens. Environ. v.27 Feasibility of using satellite for detection of kinectics of small phytoplankton blooms in estuaries: tidal and migrational effects Tyler,M.A.;R.P.Stumpf
  15. Mar. Environ. Res. v.3 Incorporation distribution and fate of saturated hydrocarbones in sediments from a controlled marine ecosystem Wade,T.L.;J.G.Quinn
  16. Fisheries and Marine Research v.56 no.2 Physical conditions for red tide outbreak of Gymnodinium mikimotoi Yanagi,T.;Y.Asai;Y.Koizumi
  17. Fisheries and Marine Research v.60 no.4 statistical analyses on the relationships between red tide formation and meteorological factors in Mikawa bay, Japan Yamamoto,T.;M.Okai
  18. Fisheries and Marine Research v.61 no.2 Characteristics of meteorological conditions in the years of intensive red tide occurrence in Mikawa bay, Japan Yamamoto,T.;M.Okai;K.Takeshita;T.Hashimoto
  19. Bull. Plankton Soc. Japan v.48 no.2 A summary on the red tide mechanisms of the harmful dinoflagellate, Cochlodinium polykrikoides in Korean coastal waters Yoon,Y.H.
  20. J. of the Korean Soc. of Remote Sensing v.15 no.1 Satellite Remote Sensing and Earth Science-Satellite Oceanography Yoon,H.J.