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Anti-Obesity Effect of a New Dietary Supplement Consisting of Hydroxycitrate, Carnitine and Red Pepper (3D-Relax Diet) in High-Fat Fed Rats

  • Kim, Kyung-Mi (Neurotide Inc.) ;
  • Ahn, Sang-Wook (Neurotide Inc.,) ;
  • Oh, Sung-Hoon (Department of Food and Biotechnology, Ansan College of Technology) ;
  • Chang, Un-Jae (Department of Food and Nutrition, Dongduk Women's University) ;
  • Kang, Duk-Ho (Department of Social Physical Education, Soonchunhyang University) ;
  • Suh, Hyung-Joo (Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Health Sciences, Korea University)
  • Published : 2003.06.01

Abstract

Anti-obesity effect of a new dietary supplement (3D-relax) in high-fat fed rats. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of 3D-relax; a proprietary formulation containing hydroxycitrate (233 mg/g), carnitine (150 mg/g) and red pepper (150 mg/g); on body weight, body fat, and serum lipids levels in rats fed a high-fat diet. Male SD 7-wk-old rats (n=8) were fed a high fat diet [52% total dietary energy (E%) from fat, 15.4 E% protein, 32.6E% carbohydrate] with or without 3D-relax administration (1 g/kg body weight/day) for 3 weeks. Administration of 3D-relax significantly reduced the increase in body weight compared to the group fed high fat without 3D-relax. Food efficiency ratio (FER) tended to be decreased with administration of 3D-relax, but was not significant. The perirenal and epididymal fat pad weights of vats administered 3D-relax were significantly lower than those of the high fat group that did not ingest 3D-relax during the 3 weeks. The oral administration of 3D-relax significantly increased HDL-cholesterol level and lowered total cholesterol level compared to those of high fat alone group. These results suggest that 3D-relax reduced body weight and fat gains, and those effects are presumably linked to its inhibitory effects on lipogenesis.

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