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Effects of Constitutive Androstane Receptor (CAR) on PBRU Transactivation of CYP2B Gene in Different Culture Cell Types: Comparison Between Hep G2 and COS-cells

배양세포의 Type에 따른 Constitutive Androstane 수용체 (CAR)의 CYP2B PBRU 전사활성 효과: Hep G2와 COS 세포의 비교

  • 민계식 (진주산업대학교 미생물공학과)
  • Published : 2003.06.01

Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine if transient transfection of CAR can transactivate CYP2B1 PBRU reporter gene in COS cells in which the endogenous CYP2B1 gene is not induced by PB. In non-transfeced cells of both Hep G2 and COS, the endogeneous expression of CAR was not detected by antibody against CAR. When cultured cells were transfected with CAR expression plasmid, mCAR1-GFP, both cell types expressed high levels of CAR protein and could allow to examine the effect of CAR in PBRU transactivation. Both cell types expressed endogenous RXR and transfection of RXR expression plasmid dramatically increased its protein expression. Whereas CAR transactivated PBRU2C1Luciferase about 12 fold as compared to 2C1Luciferase in Hep G2 cells, it did not stimulate the luciferase activity of the PBRU reporter gene in COS cells. These results indicate that Hep G2 cells can respond to CAR differently from COS cells, and suggest that factors other than CAR and RXR may be required in inducing PBRU activation and the expression of these factors may be different between liver and kidney.

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