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Genetic Composition Analysis of Marine-Origin Euryarchaeota by using a COG Algorithm

COG 알고리즘을 통한 해양성 Euryarchaeota의 유전적 조성 분석

  • 이재화 (신라대학교 공과대학 생명공학과, 신라대학교 마린바이오산업화지원센터) ;
  • 이동근 (신라대학교 공과대학 생명공학과, 신라대학교 마린바이오산업화지원센터) ;
  • 김철민 (부산대학교 유전공학연구소부설 생물정보학센터, 부산대학교 의과대학부설 부산지놈센터) ;
  • 이은열 (경성대학교 공과대학 식품공학과)
  • Published : 2003.06.01

Abstract

To figure out the conserved genes and newly added genes at each phylogenetic level of Archaea, COG (clusters of orthologous groups of proteins) algorithm was applied. The number of conserved genes within 9 species of Archaea was 340 and that of 8 species of Euryarchaeota was 388. Many of conserved 265 COGs, which are specific to Archaea and absent in Bacteria and S. cerevisiae, were concerned with 'information storage and processing' (94 COG, 35.5%) and 'metabolism' (82 COG, 30.9%). COGs related to these functions were assumed as highly conserved and permit peculiar life form to Archaea. It seemed that there was some difference in 'nucleotide transport and metabolism' and there was little difference in 'information storage and processing' between Euryarchaeota and Crenarchaeota. Marine-origin Euryarchaeota showed different conserved COGs with terrestrial Euryarchaeota. Conserved COGs, related to carbohydrate transport and metabolism and others, were different between marine- and terrestrial-origin Euryarchaeota. Hence it was assumed that their physiology might be different. This study may help to understand the origin and conserved genes at each phylogenetic level of marine-origin Euryarchaeota and may help in the mining of useful genes in marine Archaea as Manco et al. (Arch. Biochem. Biophy. 373, 182 (2000)).

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