Selection of bactericides for control of potato Blackleg disease in Korea

감자흑각병 (Potato Blackleg Disease) 방제를 위한 살균제 선발

  • Zhu, Yong-Zhe (Division of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Park, Duck-Hwan (Division of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Park, Dong-Sik (Research Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Yu, Yong-Man (Center Institute, Kyungnong Co.) ;
  • Kim, Song-Mun (Division of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Lim, Chun-Keum (Division of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University) ;
  • Hur, Jang-Hyun (Division of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University)
  • ;
  • 박덕환 (강원대학교 농업생명과학대학 생물환경학부) ;
  • 박동식 (강원대학교 농업과학연구소) ;
  • 유용만 ((주) 경농 중앙연구소) ;
  • 김성문 (강원대학교 농업생명과학대학 생물환경학부) ;
  • 임춘근 (강원대학교 농업생명과학대학 생물환경학부) ;
  • 허장현 (강원대학교 농업생명과학대학 생물환경학부)
  • Published : 2003.06.30

Abstract

Potato blackleg disease caused by Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica has been a serious problem in Korea. It was previously reported that four mixtures [streptomycin (9.3 ppm) + copper oxide (171.6 ppm)/copper hydroxide (146.3 ppm), streptomycin sulfate (7.0 ppm)+copper oxide (171.6ppm)/copper hydroxide (146.3 ppm)] were effective for the control of E. carotovora subsp. atroseptica. in in vitro test. Using those four mixtures and two antibiotics [streptomycin (81.4 ppm) and streptomycin sulfate (61.3 ppm)], the effectiveness of control for E. carotovora subsp. atroseptica. was conducted in the field. Two antibiotics showed over 60% of control efficacy under different soil conditions, while mixtures of two antibiotics with copper compounds did not show any control effects on the infected seed potato. Two mixtures [streptomycin (27.9 ppm)+copper hydroxide (438.9 ppm), streptomycin sulfate (21.0 ppm) + copper oxide (514.8 ppm)] were effective in the control of potato blackleg disease on the infected potato plants under different climate conditions.

Keywords

Solanum tuberosum;potato blackleg disease;Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica;bactericides;pesticide mixtures

References

  1. Perombelon, M. C. M. and A. Kelman(1987) Blackleg and other potato diseases caused by soft rot Erwinias proposal for revision of terminology. Plant Dis.71:283 ~285
  2. 국립농산물품질관리원 (2003) 농업통계정보, 작물생산량
  3. 유용만, Yong-Zhe Zhu, 배후남, 검성문, 임춘근, 허장현 (2003) 감자 흑각병원균 Erwinia carotovora subsp.atroseptlca 의 화학적 방제. 한국농약과학회지 7(1):12-17
  4. 박덕환, 김준섭, 이홍구, 함영일, 임춘근 (1999) Erwinia carotovora subsp. atroseptica 에 의한 감자흑각병. 식물병과 농업 5(1):64-66
  5. 김영철, 송동업, 조백호, 정갑채, 김기청 (1993) 식물 세균성 연부병균 Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora 의 Tn5 유발 약병원성 돌연변이주의 선발. 한식병지 9:63-69
  6. 함영일(2000) 최근에 문제되는 병해충 방제 대책. 제주감자산업활성화방안. pp.29-54
  7. 이영근, 김령희 (1996) Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora 에 의한 메론의 세균성무름병 발생. 한식병지12(1):116-120