- Volume 16 Issue 7
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Effects of Tween 80 on In Vitro Fermentation of Silages and Interactive Effects of Tween 80, Monensin and Exogenous Fibrolytic Enzymes on Growth Performance by Feedlot Cattle
- Wang, Y. (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Research Centre) ;
- McAllister, T.A. (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Research Centre) ;
- Baah, J. (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Research Centre) ;
- Wilde, R. (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Research Centre) ;
- Beauchemin, K.A. (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Research Centre) ;
- Rode, L.M. (Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada Research Centre) ;
- Shelford, J.A. (Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of British Columbia) ;
- Kamande, G.M. (Diamond V Mills) ;
- Cheng, K.J. (Institute of BioAgricultural Sciences, Academia Sinica)
- Received : 2002.07.02
- Accepted : 2003.02.27
- Published : 2003.07.01
The effects of monensin, Tween 80 and exogenous fibrolytic enzymes on ruminal fermentation and animal performance were studied in vitro and in vivo. In Expt 1, the effects of the surfactant Tween 80 (0.2% wt/wt, DM basis) on ruminal fermentation of alfalfa, corn and orchardgrass silages were investigated using in vitro gas production techniques. Tween 80 did not affect (p>0.05) cumulative gas production at 24 h, but it reduced (p<0.05) the lag in fermentation of all three silages. With corn silage and orchardgrass silage, gas production rates and concentrations of total volatile fatty acids (VFA) were increased (p<0.05) by Tween 80; with alfalfa silage, they were reduced (p<0.05). Tween 80 increased (p<0.05) the proportion of propionate in total VFA, and reduced (p<0.05) acetate to propionate ratios (A:P) with all three silages. In Expt 2, exogenous fibrolytic enzymes (E; at 0, 37.5 or 75 g/tonne DM), monensin (M; at 0 or 25 ppm and Tween 80 (T; at 0 or 2 L/tonne DM) were added alone or in combination to backgrounding and finishing diets fed to 320 crossbred steers in a feeding trial with a
Enzymes;Feedlot Cattle;Growth Performance;Ionophore;Surfactant
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