- Volume 16 Issue 8
DOI QR Code
Methane Production Potential of Feed Ingredients as Measured by In Vitro Gas Test
- Lee, H.J. ;
- Lee, S.C. ;
- Kim, J.D. ;
- Oh, Y.G. ;
- Kim, B.K. ;
- Kim, C.W. ;
- Kim, K.J.
- Received : 2001.12.26
- Accepted : 2003.04.21
- Published : 2003.08.01
This study was conducted to investigate in vitro methane production of feed ingredients and relationship between the content of crude nutrients and methane production. Feed ingredients (total 26) were grouped as grains (5 ingredients), brans and hulls (8), oil seed meals (9) roughages (3), and animal by-product (1) from their nutrient composition and their methane production protential were measured by in vitro gas test. Among the groups, the in vitro methane productions for both 6 and 24 h incubation were highest in grains, followed by brans and hulls, oil meals and roughages, animal byproducts. Within the group of grains, methane production from wheat flour was the highest, followed by wheat, corn, tapioca, and then oat. Within the brans and hulls, soybean hull showed the highest methane production and cotton seed hull, the lowest. Methane production from oil meals was lower compared with grains and brans and hulls, and in decreasing order production from canola meal was followed by soybean meal, coconut meal, and corn germ meal (p<0.01). Three ingredients were selected and the interactions among feed ingredients were evaluated for methane production. Correlation coefficient between measured and estimated values of the combinations were 0.91. Methane production from each feed ingredient was decreased with increasing amount of crude fiber (CF), protein (CP) and ether extract (EE), whereas positive relationship was noted with the concentrations of N-free extract (NFE). The multiple regression equation (n=134) for methane production and nutrient concentrations was as follows. Methane production (ml/0.2 g DM)=(0.032
Methane Production;Feed Ingredients;In vitro Gas Test
- A.O.A.C. 1990. Official methods of analysis (14th Ed.). Association of official analytical chemists. Washington, D.C.
- Birkelo, C. P., D. E. Johnson, and G. M. Ward. 1986. Net energy value of ammoniated wheat straw. J. Anim. Sci. 63:2044-2052. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1986.6362044x
- Blaxter, K. L. and J. L. Clapperton. 1965. Prediction of the amount of methane produced by ruminants. Br. J. Nutr. 19:511-522. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN19650046
- Czerkawski, J. W., K. L. Blaxter and F. W. Wainman. 1966. The metabolism of oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acids by sheep with reference to there on methane production. Br. J. Nutr. 20:349-362. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN19660035
- Haaland, G. L. and H. F. Tyrrell. 1982. Effects of limestone and sodium bicarbonate buffers on rumen measurements and rate of passage in cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 55:935-942. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1982.554935x
- O'Kelly, J. C. and W. G. Spiers. 1992. Effect of monensin on methane and heat productions of steers fed lucerne hay either ad libitum or at the rate of 250 g/hour. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 43:1789-1793. https://doi.org/10.1071/AR9921789
Shibata, M. 1994. Methane production in ruminants. In:
$CH_4$and $NO_2$. Global emissions and controls from rice fields and other agricultural and industrial sources. (Ed., K. Minami, et al.) NIAES, Yokendo, Tokyo, Japan pp 105-115
- Shibata, M., F. Terada, K. Iwasaki, M. Kurihara and T. Nishida. 1992. Methane production in heifers, sheep and goats consuming diets of various hay-concentrate ratios. Anim. Sci. Technol. Japan. 3:1221-1227.
- Bonhomme, A. 1990. Rumen ciliates: their metabolism and relationships with bacteria and their hosts. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 30:203-266. https://doi.org/10.1016/0377-8401(90)90016-2
- Herrer-Saldana, R., R. Gomez-Alarcon, M. Torabi and J. T. Huber. 1990. Influence of synchronizing protein and starch degradation in the rumen on nutrient utilization and microbial protein synthesis. J. Dairy Sci. 73:142-148. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(90)78657-2
- Menke, K. H., L. Raab, A. Salewski, H. Steingass, D. Fritz and W. Schneider. 1979. The estimation of the digestibility and metabolizable energy content of ruminant feedingstuffs from the gas production when they are incubated with rumin liquor in vitro. J. Agric. Sci. Camb. 93:217-222. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859600086305
- Crutzen, D. J. and W. Seiler. 1986. Methane production by domestic animals, wild ruminants, other herbivorous fauna, and humans. Tellus. 38B:271-284. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.1986.tb00193.x
- Moe, P. W. and H. F. Tyrrell. 1979. Methane production in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 62:1583-1586. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(79)83465-7
- Crutzen, P. J. 1995. The role of methane in atmospheric chemistry and climate. In : Ruminant physiology: digestion, metabolism, growth and reproduction. (Ed. W. V. Engelhardt, et al.) Ferdinand Erke Verlag. pp. 291-314
- Leng, R. A. 1991. Improving ruminant production and reducing methane emissions from ruminants by strategic supplementation. Europian patents 400-1-91-004.
- Whitelaw, F. G., J. M. Eadie, L. A. Bruce and W. J. Shand. 1984. Methane formation in faunated and ciliate-free cattle and its relationship with rumen volatile fatty acid proportions. Br. J. Nutr. 52:261-275. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN19840094
- McAllister, T. A., E. K. Okine, W. G. Mathison and K. J. Cheng. 1996. Dietary, environmental and microbiological aspects of methane production in ruminants. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 76:231-243. https://doi.org/10.4141/cjas96-035
- Getachew, G., M. Blummel, H. P. S. Makkar and K. Becker. 1998. In vitro gas measuring techniques for assessment of nutritional quality of feeds: a review. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 72:261-281. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0377-8401(97)00189-2
- SAS. 1995. User' s guide: Statistics, Statistical analysis system. Inst. Inc. Cary, NC.
- Holter, J. B. and A. J. Young. 1992. Methane prediction in dry and lactating Holstein cows. J. Dairy. Sci. 75:2165-2175. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(92)77976-4
- Kirchgessner, M. W. and H. L. Muller. 1994. Methane release from dairy cows and pigs. In: Proc. XIII. Symp. on Energy Metabolism of farm animals. (Ed. J. F. Aguilera) EAAP Publ. No. 76. CSIC, Spain. pp: 333-348
- Miller T. L. 1995. Ecology of methane production and hydrogen sinks in the rumen. Ruminant physilology: Digestion, Metabolism, Growth and Reproduction: Proceeding of the eight international symposium on ruminat physiology. pp. 317-331.
- Tyler S. C. 1991. The global methane budget. In microbial production and consumption of green house gases: methane, nitrogen oxide, and halomethane (Ed. J. E. Roger and W. B. Whiteman) American Society of Microbiology. Washington D. C. US pp. 7-38.
- Kurihara, M., M. Shibata, T. Nishida, A. Purnomoad and F. Terada. 1997. Methane production and its dietary manipulation in ruminants. In: In rumen microbes and digestive physiology in ruminants. (Ed. R. Onodera, et al.) Japan Sci. Soc. Press. Tokyo/S. Karger, Basel.
- Demeyer, D. I., C. J. VanNevel. 1975. Methanogenesis, an integrated part of carbohydrate fermentation, and its control. In Digestion and Metabolism in the ruminant (Ed. I. W. Mcdonald and A. C. I. Warner) The University of New England Publishing Unit. Armidale, N. S. W., Australia. pp. 366-382.
- Roger, W., G. Fonty, C. Andre and P. Gouet. 1992. Effects of glycerol on the growth, adhesion, and cellulolytic activity of rumen cellulolytic bacteria and anaerobic fungi. Current Microbiol. 25:197-201. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01570719
- Diet effects on methane production by goats and a comparison between measurement methodologies vol.146, pp.06, 2008, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859608007983
- Bioenergy from anaerobic degradation of lipids in palm oil mill effluent vol.10, pp.4, 2011, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11157-011-9253-8
- gas production technique vol.11, pp.3, 2012, https://doi.org/10.4081/ijas.2012.e61
- ) to Improve Nutrients Availability of Diet with In Vitro Rumen Microbial Fermentation Test vol.33, pp.3, 2013, https://doi.org/10.5333/KGFS.2013.33.3.206
- Effects of Marine and Freshwater Macroalgae on In Vitro Total Gas and Methane Production vol.9, pp.1, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085289
- The effect of increased atmospheric temperature and CO2 concentration during crop growth on the chemical composition and in vitro rumen fermentation characteristics of wheat straw vol.6, pp.1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1186/s40104-015-0045-9
- Effect of dietary fiber on the methanogen community in the hindgut of Lantang gilts vol.10, pp.10, 2016, https://doi.org/10.1017/S1751731116000525
- Methane emissions from Nellore bulls on pasture fed two levels of starch-based supplement with or without a source of oil vol.59, pp.4, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1071/AN16095