A Study on the Collision-Avoidance Action of Bottom Trawler under Operation

조업중인 저층 트롤선의 충돌회피 동작에 관한 연구

  • Received : 2003.04.04
  • Accepted : 2003.05.06
  • Published : 2003.07.31

Abstract

Recently with the conclusion of fisheries agreements between Korea and Japan, and between Korea and China, trawlers in korea must operate in smaller fishing ground than before. As a result of this, the possibilities of collisionin increases gradually between trawlers under operation in this area. Authors performed a series of experiments on board to give the information of collision avoiding action to navigators of trawlers. The obtained results are summerized as follows : 1. The greater the rudder angle, the smaller the value of T, but there is no big diffierence in K due to rudder angle. 2. The greatest distance is to be kept by the give way vessel to avoid collision when the crossing course angle is $70^{\circ}{\sim}90^{\circ}$. In this case the safety minimum approaching distance must be more than 5 times of her own length. 3. Risk of collision in crossing is more greater in obtuse situation than in acute one. 4. The navigator of the give way vessel must take an action to avoid collisions outside of the minimum safety approaching distance.

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