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Genetic Evaluation of First Lactation Traits in Sahiwal Cattle Using Restricted Maximum Likelihood Technique

  • Choudhary, V. (Department of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Nagpur Veterinary College) ;
  • Kothekar, M.D. (Dept. of Animal Genetics and Breeding, Nagpur Veterinary College) ;
  • Raheja, K.L. (CCS Haryana Agriculture University) ;
  • Kasturiwale, N.N. (Dept. of Statistics, Institute of Science) ;
  • Khire, D.W. (Dept. of Animal Husbandry, Nagpur Veterinary college) ;
  • Kumar, P. (Animal Genetics Division, Indian Veterinary Research Institute)
  • Received : 2002.09.17
  • Accepted : 2003.02.03
  • Published : 2003.05.01

Abstract

The data on 283 Sahiwal cows, sired by 16 bulls, maintained at Cattle Breeding Farm of Nagpur Veterinary College and Dairy Farm of Agricultural College, Nagpur, were considered for the estimation of genetic parameters. Variance and covariance estimates of first lactation traits were obtained using restricted maximum likelihood technique (REML). When first lactation milk yield (FLMY), first lactation length (FLL) and average daily yield (ADY) traits were considered for REML analysis, the heritabilities were $0.184{\pm}0.146$, $0.132{\pm}0.131$ and $0.141{\pm}0.133$, respectively. While, genetic and phenotypic correlations between them were medium to high except phenotypic correlations between FLL and ADY (-0.025). REML procedure considering FLMY, age at first calving (AFC) and first service period (FSP) combination exhibits heritabilities as $0.274{\pm}0.173$, $0.506{\pm}0.233$ and $0.274{\pm}0.172$, respectively. Genetic correlations were $-0.120{\pm}0.376$, $0.225{\pm}0.423$ and $0.365{\pm}0.331$ between FLMY and AFC, FLMY and FSP, AFC and FSP, respectively. Phenotypic correlations were 0.057, 0.289 and 0.123, respectively. Considering all five traits REML combination heritabilities estimated were $0.238{\pm}0.162$, $0.160{\pm}0.139$, $0.136{\pm}0.132$, $0.409{\pm}0.209$ and $0.259{\pm}0.168$ for FLMY, FLL, ADY, AFC and FSP, respectively. The genetic correlations were positive except FLMY and AFC. The phenotypic correlations were also positive except FLL and ADY, ADY and FSP. Almost all estimates were associated with high standard error.

Keywords

REML;Convergence;Iteration;Canonical Transformation;Sahiwal Breed

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